windows 编写简单的服务程序

这个服务程序,每隔1秒钟,在C:\log.txt文件中写入当前剩余内存大小MB

注:cmd管理员启动,binPath= 添加完整的路径(绝对路径)否则 系统找不到指定文件

创建服务 sc create 服务名 binPath= E:\smallinsect\WindowsAPI\bin\x64\Release\DemoService01.exe
启动服务 sc start 服务名
查询服务 sc query 服务名
删除服务 sc delete 服务名
停止服务 sc stop 服务名
配置服务:
sc config 服务名 start= demand //手动
sc condig 服务名 start= auto //自动
sc config 服务名 start= disabled //禁用

  1 #define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
  2 
  3 #include <stdio.h>
  4 #include <windows.h>
  5 
  6 #define SLEEP_TIME 1000
  7 #define FILE_PATH "c:/log.txt"
  8 
  9 VOID WINAPI ServiceMain(DWORD dwNumServicesArgs, LPTSTR *lpServiceArgVectors);
 10 VOID WINAPI ServiceCtrlHandler(DWORD dwControl);
 11 int WriteToLog(const char *szMsg);
 12 
 13 BOOL bRunning = TRUE;
 14 SERVICE_STATUS m_ServiceStatus;//服务状态
 15 SERVICE_STATUS_HANDLE m_ServiceStatusHandle;//服务状态句柄
 16 
 17 TCHAR szServiceName[] = TEXT("DemoService");//服务名字
 18 
 19 int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
 20 
 21     //服务分配表
 22     SERVICE_TABLE_ENTRY DispatchTable[2];
 23     //服务名称
 24     DispatchTable[0].lpServiceName = szServiceName;
 25     //服务主函数
 26     DispatchTable[0].lpServiceProc = (LPSERVICE_MAIN_FUNCTION)ServiceMain;
 27     
 28     DispatchTable[1].lpServiceName = NULL;
 29     DispatchTable[1].lpServiceProc = NULL;
 30 
 31     //注册服务的主函数
 32     //服务控制分配器 给服务创建一个线程
 33     StartServiceCtrlDispatcher(DispatchTable);
 34 
 35     system("pause");
 36     return 0;
 37 }
 38 
 39 //服务的主函数实现
 40 VOID WINAPI ServiceMain(DWORD dwNumServicesArgs, LPTSTR *lpServiceArgVectors) {
 41 
 42     MEMORYSTATUS memstatus;//内存信息
 43     char szMsg[512];
 44     SIZE_T availmb;
 45 
 46     //服务类型 WIN32
 47     m_ServiceStatus.dwServiceType = SERVICE_WIN32;
 48     //服务状态 等待
 49     m_ServiceStatus.dwCurrentState = SERVICE_START_PENDING;
 50     //服务控制 关机 服务停止
 51     m_ServiceStatus.dwControlsAccepted = SERVICE_ACCEPT_SHUTDOWN | SERVICE_ACCEPT_STOP;
 52     //服务退出
 53     m_ServiceStatus.dwWin32ExitCode = 0;
 54     //服务退出
 55     m_ServiceStatus.dwServiceSpecificExitCode = 0;
 56     m_ServiceStatus.dwCheckPoint = 0;
 57     m_ServiceStatus.dwWaitHint = 0;
 58     //注册服务控制函数
 59     m_ServiceStatusHandle = RegisterServiceCtrlHandler(szServiceName, ServiceCtrlHandler);
 60     if (m_ServiceStatusHandle == 0) {
 61         WriteToLog("RegisterServiceCtrlHandler fail");
 62     }
 63     WriteToLog("RegisterServiceCtrlHandler success");
 64 
 65     //服务正在运行了
 66     m_ServiceStatus.dwCurrentState = SERVICE_RUNNING;
 67     //报告服务的状态
 68     SetServiceStatus(m_ServiceStatusHandle, &m_ServiceStatus);
 69 
 70     bRunning = TRUE;
 71 
 72     while (bRunning) {
 73         //检测电脑当前的内存大小
 74         GlobalMemoryStatus(&memstatus);
 75         //将内存换算成MB
 76         availmb = memstatus.dwAvailPhys / 1024 / 1024;
 77 #ifdef _WIN64
 78         sprintf(szMsg, "available memory is %lld MB", availmb);
 79 #else
 80         sprintf(szMsg, "available memory is %ld MB", availmb);
 81 #endif
 82         WriteToLog(szMsg);
 83         Sleep(SLEEP_TIME);
 84     }
 85     WriteToLog("service stop");
 86 }
 87 
 88 //服务控制函数
 89 VOID WINAPI ServiceCtrlHandler(DWORD dwControl) {
 90     switch (dwControl) {
 91     case SERVICE_CONTROL_STOP://停止
 92         bRunning = FALSE;
 93         m_ServiceStatus.dwCurrentState = SERVICE_STOPPED;//停止状态
 94         break;
 95     case SERVICE_CONTROL_SHUTDOWN://关机
 96         bRunning = FALSE;
 97         m_ServiceStatus.dwCurrentState = SERVICE_STOPPED;//停止状态
 98         break;
 99     default:
100         break;
101     }
102     //报告服务状态
103     SetServiceStatus(m_ServiceStatusHandle, &m_ServiceStatus);
104 }
105 
106 //写日志函数
107 int WriteToLog(const char *szMsg) {
108     FILE* pfile = fopen(FILE_PATH, "a+");
109     if (pfile == NULL) {
110         return -1;
111     }
112 
113     fprintf(pfile, "%s\n", szMsg);
114     fclose(pfile);
115     return 0;
116 }
View Code

安装服务

 

 安装成功,在服务里能看到安装的服务。

 

 启动服务

 

 C盘目录下有log.txt文件出现

 

停止服务

 

 删除服务

 

猜你喜欢

转载自www.cnblogs.com/xuqiulin/p/11986811.html