CentOS 7.3配置Apache虚拟主机

实验环境

  1. 一台最小化安装的 7.3虚拟机

配置基础环境

1. 安装apache

yum install -y httpd

2. 建立虚拟主机的根目录

mkdir /var/wwwroot
mkdir /var/wwwroot/site1
mkdir /var/wwwroot/site2
echo -e "site1" >> /var/wwwroot/site1/index.html
echo -e "site2" >> /var/wwwroot/site2/index.html

3. 关闭CentOS的防火墙

setenforce 0
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

配置基于端口的虚拟主机

1. 编辑apache配置文件

vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf

2. 添加以下内容

Listen 8081
<VirtualHost *:8081>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site1"
    ErrorLog "logs/site1.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site1.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site1">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Listen 8082
<VirtualHost *:8082>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site2"
    ErrorLog "logs/site2.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site2.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site2">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

3. 启动apache服务

systemctl start httpd

4. 在宿主机访问两个站点

http://192.168.204.133:8081
http://192.168.204.133:8082


配置基于域名的虚拟主机

1. 编辑apache配置文件

vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf

2. 修改为以下内容

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site1"
    ServerName site1.test.com
    ErrorLog "logs/site1.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site1.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site1">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site2"
    ServerName site2.test.com
    ErrorLog "logs/site2.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site2.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site2">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

3. 重启apache服务

systemctl restart httpd

4. 在Windows上修改hosts文件

编辑C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts文件,
添加以下内容(根据实际情况自己修改)

192.168.204.135   site1.test.com  
192.168.204.135   site2.test.com

5. 在宿主机访问两个站点

http://site1.test.com/
http://site2.test.com/

配置基于IP的虚拟主机

1. 在虚拟机上增加两个IP地址

ifconfig ens33:1 192.168.204.135
ifconfig ens33:2 192.168.204.136

2. 重新编辑apache配置文件

vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhost.conf

3. 修改配置文件为以下内容

<VirtualHost 192.168.204.135:80>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site1"
    ErrorLog "logs/site1.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site1.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site1">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost 192.168.204.136:80>
    DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot/site2"
    ErrorLog "logs/site2.error.log"
    CustomLog "logs/site2.access.log" common
    <Directory "/var/wwwroot/site2">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

4. 重启apache服务

systemctl restart httpd

5. 在宿主机访问两个站点

http://192.168.204.135/
http://192.168.204.136/

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转载自www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2019-02/156788.htm
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