LVS+Keepalived效率最高的群集(实战)

LVS+Keepalived群集

环境准备:

DR1 主:192.168.100.101---->CentOS 7-2

DR2 备:192.168.100.102---->CentOS 7-3

web1:192.168.100.111---->CentOS 7-4

web1:192.168.100.112---->CentOS 7-5

vip:192.168.100.10

客户机:192.168.100.10

提前准备在线yum源的软件安装:

CentOS 7-2:
[[email protected] ~]# yum install ipvsadm keepalived -y
[[email protected] ~]# cd /etc/keepalived/
[[email protected] keepalived]# ls
keepalived.conf
//安装完成后验证有没有此主配置文件

CentOS 7-3:
[[email protected] ~]# yum install ipvsadm keepalived -y
[[email protected] ~]# cd /etc/keepalived/
[[email protected] keepalived]# ls
keepalived.conf
//安装完成后验证有没有此主配置文件

CentOS 7-4:
[[email protected] ~]# yum install httpd -y

CentOS 7-5:
[[email protected] ~]# yum install httpd -y

将所有网卡改为仅主机模式,同时修改网卡配置文件:

**CentOS 7-2:**
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
BROWSER_ONLY="no"
BOOTPROTO="static"      //改dhcp为static
......此处省略多行
ONBOOT="yes"
IPADDR=192.168.100.101  //在末行按o,在下行插入以下内容
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.100.1
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
[[email protected] keepalived]# service network restart 
Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  确定  ]
[[email protected] keepalived]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.101  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
//确认下网卡是否修改完成

**CentOS 7-3:**
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
BROWSER_ONLY="no"
BOOTPROTO="static"      //改dhcp为static
......此处省略多行
ONBOOT="yes"
IPADDR=192.168.100.102  //在末行按o,在下行插入以下内容
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.100.1
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
[[email protected] keepalived]# service network restart 
Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  确定  ]
[[email protected] keepalived]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.102  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
//确认下网卡是否修改完成

//此时可以同网段内测试ping通,看地址是否生效:
[[email protected] keepalived]# ping 192.168.100.101
PING 192.168.100.101 (192.168.100.101) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.100.101: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.658 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.101: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=1.21 ms
//此时两台调度主机相互连通
**CentOS 7-4:**
[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
BROWSER_ONLY="no"
BOOTPROTO="static"      //改dhcp为static
......此处省略多行
ONBOOT="yes"
IPADDR=192.168.100.111  //在末行按o,在下行插入以下内容
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.100.1
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] ~]# service network restart 
Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  确定  ]
[[email protected] ~]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.111  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
//确认下网卡是否修改完成

**CentOS 7-5:**
[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
BROWSER_ONLY="no"
BOOTPROTO="static"      //改dhcp为static
......此处省略多行
ONBOOT="yes"
IPADDR=192.168.100.112  //在末行按o,在下行插入以下内容
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.100.1
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] ~]# service network restart 
Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  确定  ]
[[email protected] ~]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.112  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
//确认下网卡是否修改完成

//此时可以同网段内测试ping通,看地址是否生效:
[[email protected] ~]# ping 192.168.100.111
PING 192.168.100.111 (192.168.100.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.100.111: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.913 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.111: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.830 ms
//此时两台节点服务器相互连通

调度服务器CentOS 7-2上的修改:

[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf 
//在末行下插入以下内容
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1       //开启路由转发功能
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0        //proc响应关闭重定向功能
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.ens33.send_redirects = 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# sysctl -p      //生效
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.ens33.send_redirects = 0

创建虚拟网卡:

[[email protected] ens33]# cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ls
ifcfg-ens33  ifdown-ppp       ifup-ib      ifup-Team
ifcfg-lo     ifdown-routes    ifup-ippp    ifup-TeamPort
ifdown       ifdown-sit       ifup-ipv6    ifup-tunnel
......此处省略多行
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cp ifcfg-ens33 ifcfg-ens33:0
[[email protected] network-scripts]# vim ifcfg-ens33:0
//先按50dd删除所有内容,再插入以下内容
DEVICE=ens33:0
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.100.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ifup ens33:0      //启用虚拟网卡
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
ens33:0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.10  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
        ether 00:0c:29:c2:51:f6  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
//这个是到时候要用来做虚拟IP的,也是访问的入站口

[[email protected] network-scripts]# cd /etc/init.d/
[[email protected] init.d]# vim dr.sh            
#!/bin/bash
GW=192.168.100.1
VIP=192.168.100.10
RIP1=192.168.100.111
RIP2=192.168.100.112 
case "$1" in
start)
        /sbin/ipvsadm --save > /etc/sysconfig/ipvsadm
        systemctl start ipvsadm
        /sbin/ifconfig ens33:0 $VIP broadcast $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255 broadcast $VIP up
        /sbin/route add -host $VIP dev ens33:0
        /sbin/ipvsadm -A -t $VIP:80 -s rr
        /sbin/ipvsadm -a -t $VIP:80 -r $RIP1:80 -g
        /sbin/ipvsadm -a -t $VIP:80 -r $RIP2:80 -g
        echo "ipvsadm starting ---------------------[ok]"
        ;;
        stop)
        /sbin/ipvsadm -C
        systemctl stop ipvsadm
        ifconfig ens33:0 down
        route del $VIP
        echo "ipvsadm stoped--------------------[ok]"
        ;;
        status)
        if [ ! -e /var/lock/subsys/ipvsadm ];then
        echo "ipvsadm stoped--------------"
        exit 1
                else
                echo "ipvsadm Runing-----------[ok]"
        fi
        ;;
        *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status}"
        exit 1
        ;;
        esac
        exit 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] init.d]# chmod +x dr.sh 
[[email protected] init.d]# service dr.sh start
ipvsadm starting ---------------------[ok]
[[email protected] init.d]# systemctl stop firewalld.service 
[[email protected] init.d]# setenforce 0          

节点服务器CentOS 7-4的操作:

[[email protected] ~]# rpm -q httpd
httpd-2.4.6-90.el7.centos.x86_64
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start httpd
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service 
[[email protected] ~]# setenforce 0
[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/www/html/
[[email protected] html]# echo "this is accp web" > index.html
[[email protected] html]# cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ls
ifcfg-ens33  ifdown-ppp       ifup-ib      ifup-Team
ifcfg-lo     ifdown-routes    ifup-ippp    ifup-TeamPort
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cp ifcfg-lo ifcfg-lo:0
[[email protected] network-scripts]# vim ifcfg-lo:0
//把不需要的都删除,然后做如下修改
DEVICE=lo:0
IPADDR=192.168.100.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
ONBOOT=yes
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cd /etc/init.d/
[[email protected] init.d]# vim web.sh
#!/bin/bash
VIP=192.168.100.10
case "$1" in
start)
    /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255 broadcast $VIP
    /sbin/route add -host $VIP dev lo:0
    echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
    echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
    echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
    echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
    sysctl -p >/dev/null 2>&1
    echo "RealServer Start OK"
    ;;
stop)
    /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 down
    /sbin/route del $VIP /dev/null 2>&1
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
    echo "RealServer Stoped"
    ;;
*)
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop}"
    exit 1
    ;;
esac
exit 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] init.d]# chmod +x web.sh 
[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh start 
RealServer Start OK 
[[email protected] init.d]# ifup lo:0
[[email protected] init.d]# ifconfig
lo:0: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet 192.168.100.10  netmask 255.255.255.0
        loop  txqueuelen 1  (Local Loopback)
//此时以上内容显示虚拟网卡启用成功 

[[email protected] init.d]# firefox "http://127.0.0.1" &
[1] 8587    //进程号随机
//火狐浏览器放在后台自动执行,进程为8587,浏览器会自动弹出,会显示我们之前写入的网页内容

在这里插入图片描述

重启脚本:

[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh stop
SIOCDELRT: No such device
RealServer Stopd
[1]-  完成                  firefox "http://127.0.0.1"
[2]+  完成                  firefox "http://127.0.0.1"
[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh start 
RealServer Start OK 

此时第一台节点服务器配置完成!

节点服务器CentOS 7-5的操作:

[[email protected] ~]# rpm -q httpd
httpd-2.4.6-90.el7.centos.x86_64
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start httpd
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service 
[[email protected] ~]# setenforce 0
[[email protected] html]# cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ls
ifcfg-ens33  ifdown-ppp       ifup-ib      ifup-Team
ifcfg-lo     ifdown-routes    ifup-ippp    ifup-TeamPort
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cp ifcfg-lo ifcfg-lo:0
[[email protected] network-scripts]# vim ifcfg-lo:0
//把不需要的都删除,然后做如下修改
DEVICE=lo:0
IPADDR=192.168.100.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
ONBOOT=yes
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/www/html/
[[email protected] html]# echo "this is benet web" > index.html
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cd /etc/init.d/
[[email protected] init.d]# vim web.sh
#!/bin/bash
VIP=192.168.100.10
case "$1" in
start)
    /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255 broadcast $VIP
    /sbin/route add -host $VIP dev lo:0
    echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
    echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
    echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
    echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
    sysctl -p >/dev/null 2>&1
    echo "RealServer Start OK"
    ;;
stop)
    /sbin/ifconfig lo:0 down
    /sbin/route del $VIP /dev/null 2>&1
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
    echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
    echo "RealServer Stoped"
    ;;
*)
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop}"
    exit 1
    ;;
esac
exit 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] init.d]# chmod +x web.sh 
[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh start 
RealServer Start OK 
[[email protected] init.d]# ifup lo:0
[[email protected] html]# firefox "http://127.0.0.1" &
[1] 8767    //进程号随机
//火狐浏览器放在后台自动执行,进程为8767,浏览器会自动弹出,会显示我们之前写入的网页内容          

!在这里插入图片描述

重启脚本:

[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh stop
SIOCDELRT: No such device
RealServer Stopd
[1]+  完成                  firefox "http://127.0.0.1"
[[email protected] init.d]# service web.sh start 
RealServer Start OK 

使用win7-1客户机验证LVS:

将网卡设置为仅主机,并将网关ipv4绑定为静态地址:

在这里插入图片描述

C:\Users\zhou>ping 192.168.100.10
正在 Ping 192.168.100.10 具有 32 字节的数据:
来自 192.168.100.10 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.100.10 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.100.10 的回复: 字节=32 时间=1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.100.10 的回复: 字节=32 时间=1ms TTL=64

192.168.100.10 的 Ping 统计信息:
    数据包: 已发送 = 4,已接收 = 4,丢失 = 0 (0% 丢失),
往返行程的估计时间(以毫秒为单位):
    最短 = 0ms,最长 = 1ms,平均 = 0ms

测试调度服务器CentOS 7-2与两台web服务器的联通:

[[email protected] init.d]# ping 192.168.100.111
PING 192.168.100.111 (192.168.100.111) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.100.111: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.433 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.111: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.501 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.111: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=1.10 ms
^C
--- 192.168.100.111 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2001ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.433/0.681/1.109/0.303 ms

[[email protected] init.d]# ping 192.168.100.112
PING 192.168.100.112 (192.168.100.112) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.100.112: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.885 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.112: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.883 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.100.112: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.973 ms
^C
--- 192.168.100.112 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2002ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.883/0.913/0.973/0.054 ms
//状态均为可达,说明配置无问题

此时在win7-1的浏览器中输入:http://192.168.100.10/会先显示this is benet web,再次刷新之后会显示this is accp web,此时说明LVS负载均衡成功!

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

调度服务器CentOS 7-2上keepalived的操作:

[[email protected] init.d]# cd /etc/keepalived/
[[email protected] keepalived]# ls
keepalived.conf
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim keepalived.conf 
上部省略多行
smtp_server 127.0.0.1
router_id LVS_01        //改为LVS_01

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
......此处省略多行
        auth_pass abc123    //密码改为后面的abc123
virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.100.10
virtual_server 192.168.100.10 80 {      //虚拟地址加端口
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo rr
    lb_kind DR          //此处改为DR
    persistence_timeout 50
    protocol TCP        //此处修改为TCP

    real_server 192.168.100.111 80 {        //web1地址
        weight 1
        TCP_CHECK {
            connect_port 80
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
//此处9yy在下行插入,然后修改IP即可
    real_server 192.168.100.112 80 {        //web2地址
        weight 1
        TCP_CHECK {
            connect_port 80
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# systemctl start keepalived

//查看网卡状态    
[[email protected] keepalived]# ip add show dev ens33:0
2: ens33: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:c2:51:f6 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.100.101/24 brd 192.168.100.255 scope global ens33
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.100.10/32 brd 192.168.100.10 scope global ens33:0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::6a0c:e6a0:7978:3543/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

调度服务器CentOS 7-3上的修改:

[[email protected] keepalived]# systemctl stop firewalld.service 
[[email protected] keepalived]# setenforce 0
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf 
//在末行下插入以下内容
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1       //开启路由转发功能
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0        //proc响应关闭重定向功能
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.ens33.send_redirects = 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# sysctl -p      //生效
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.ens33.send_redirects = 0
[[email protected] keepalived]# sysctl -p
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.ens33.send_redirects = 0

**创建虚拟网卡:**
[[email protected] ens33]# cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ls
ifcfg-ens33  ifdown-ppp       ifup-ib      ifup-Team
ifcfg-lo     ifdown-routes    ifup-ippp    ifup-TeamPort
ifdown       ifdown-sit       ifup-ipv6    ifup-tunnel
......此处省略多行
[[email protected] network-scripts]# cp ifcfg-ens33 ifcfg-ens33:0
[[email protected] network-scripts]# vim ifcfg-ens33:0
//先按50dd删除所有内容,再插入以下内容
DEVICE=ens33:0
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.100.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ifup ens33:0      //启用虚拟网卡
ERROR     : [/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifup-eth] Error, some other host (00:0C:29:C2:51:F6) already uses address 192.168.100.10.
//此时会报错,只要我们重启网络服务就可以再次启动虚拟网卡了
[[email protected] network-scripts]# service network restart 
Restarting network (via systemctl):                        [  确定  ]
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ifup ens33:0
[[email protected] network-scripts]# ifconfig
ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
ens33:0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.10  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
        ether 00:0c:29:c2:51:f6  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
//这个是到时候要用来做虚拟IP的,也是访问的入站口

[[email protected] network-scripts]# cd /etc/init.d/
[[email protected] init.d]# vim dr.sh            
#!/bin/bash
GW=192.168.100.1
VIP=192.168.100.10
RIP1=192.168.100.111
RIP2=192.168.100.112 
case "$1" in
start)
        /sbin/ipvsadm --save > /etc/sysconfig/ipvsadm
        systemctl start ipvsadm
        /sbin/ifconfig ens33:0 $VIP broadcast $VIP netmask 255.255.255.255 broadcast $VIP up
        /sbin/route add -host $VIP dev ens33:0
        /sbin/ipvsadm -A -t $VIP:80 -s rr
        /sbin/ipvsadm -a -t $VIP:80 -r $RIP1:80 -g
        /sbin/ipvsadm -a -t $VIP:80 -r $RIP2:80 -g
        echo "ipvsadm starting ---------------------[ok]"
        ;;
        stop)
        /sbin/ipvsadm -C
        systemctl stop ipvsadm
        ifconfig ens33:0 down
        route del $VIP
        echo "ipvsadm stoped--------------------[ok]"
        ;;
        status)
        if [ ! -e /var/lock/subsys/ipvsadm ];then
        echo "ipvsadm stoped--------------"
        exit 1
                else
                echo "ipvsadm Runing-----------[ok]"
        fi
        ;;
        *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status}"
        exit 1
        ;;
        esac
        exit 0
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] init.d]# chmod +x dr.sh 
[[email protected] init.d]# service dr.sh start
ipvsadm starting ---------------------[ok]

[[email protected] init.d]# cd /etc/keepalived/
[[email protected] keepalived]# vim keepalived.conf
   smtp_server 127.0.0.1·   //自身的
   router_id LVS_02         //序号写02
   vrrp_skip_check_adv_addr

    interface eth0
virtual_router_id 10    //id改为10
    priority 99             //优先级为100以下
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
    auth_type PASS
    auth_pass abc123    //修改密码
virtual_ipaddress {
    192.168.100.10      //删除另外三行,修改IP
virtual_server 192.168.100.10 80 {      //修改IP和端口
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo rr
    lb_kind DR      //NAT改为DR
    persistence_timeout 50
    protocol TCP

    real_server 192.168.100.111 80 {        //web1地址
        weight 1
        TCP_CHECK {                         //下面的内容8dd删除8行
            connect_port 80                 //添加这行
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
//此处9yy在下行插入,然后修改IP即可
    real_server 192.168.100.112 80 {        //web2地址
        weight 1
        TCP_CHECK {
            connect_port 80
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
//修改完成后输入:wq保存退出
[[email protected] keepalived]# systemctl start keepalived      

keepalived双机热备验证:

1.把调度服务器1:CentOS 7-1服务关闭:ifdown ens33:0

2.再回到win7客户端中使用cmd命令提示符ping:192.168.100.10,如果现在还可以ping通就说明keepalived双机热备成功顶上

在这里插入图片描述

此时试验成功!

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转载自blog.51cto.com/14464303/2454549