Oracle 12cR1 RAC集群安装(一)--环境准备

基本环境

操作系统版本 RedHat6.7
数据库版本 12.1.0.2
数据库名称 testdb
数据库实例 testdb1、testdb2

 

(一)安装服务器硬件要求

配置项目 参数要求
网卡 每台服务器至少2个网卡:
--公网网卡:带宽至少1GB
--私网网卡:带宽至少1GB,建议使用10GB,用于集群节点之间的内部通信

注意:所有节点的网卡接口名称必须相同。必然要节点1使用网卡eth0来做公网网卡,那么节点2也必须使用eth0来做公网网卡。
内存 根据是否安装GI,内存要求为:
--如果只安装单节点数据库,至少1GB内存
--如果要安装GI,至少需要4GB内存
临时磁盘空间 至少1GB的 /tmp 空间
本地磁盘空间 磁盘空间要求如下:
--至少为Grid home分配8GB的空间。Oracle建议分配100GB,为后续打补丁预留出空间
--至少为Grid base分配12GB的空间,GI base主要用于存放Oracle cluster和Oracle ASM的日志文件
--在GI Base下预留10GB的额外空间,用于存放TFA数据
--如果要安装Oracle软件,那么还需要准备6.4GB的空间

建议:如果磁盘充足,建议分别给GI和oracle各100GB空间
交换空间(swap)

交换空间要求如下:
--内存在1~2GB之间,sawp空间是内存的1.5倍
--内存在2~16GB之间,sawp空间与内存大小相等
--内存在大于16GB,sawp空间等于16GB

 

(二)服务器IP地址规划

服务器名称 公网IP地址(public IP) 虚拟IP地址(VIP) SCAN IP地址 私网IP地址
node1 eth0:192.168.10.11 192.168.10.13 192.168.10.10 eth1:10.10.10.11
node2 eth0:192.168.10.12 192.168.10.14 192.168.10.10(相同) eth1:10.10.10.12

注意:

1.一共包含2个IP网段,公网、虚拟、SCAN必须在同一个网段(192.168.10.0/24),私网在另一个网段(10.10.10.0/24)。

2.主机名不能包含下划线“_”,例如:host_node1,这样是错误的,可以带有中划线“-”

 

(三)配置主机网络

(1)修改主机名

以节点1为例,重启主机生效。

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network

NETWORKING=yes
HOSTNAME=node1

 

(2)修改IP地址
每台服务器的公网IP与虚拟IP均需要修改,这里以节点1的公网IP修改为例,公网使用的网卡是eth0,使用下面方法修改eth0的配置

#进入网卡配置目录
cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/

#修改eth0的网卡配置
vim ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0
HWADDR=00:0c:29:f8:80:bb
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.10.11
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

其他网卡类似,修改完成后重启网卡

[[email protected] ~]# service network restart

最终2台服务器的网卡配置信息如下图

node1:

image

node2:

image

 

(3)修改/etc/hosts文件,2个节点都做相同的修改

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.10.11   node1
192.168.10.12   node2
192.168.10.13   node1-vip
192.168.10.14   node2-vip
192.168.10.10   node-scan

10.10.10.11     node1-priv
10.10.10.12     node2-priv

(3)关闭防火墙

#临时关闭,重启主机后恢复原来的状态
service iptables stop

#永久关闭,重启生效
chkconfig iptables off

 

(4)关闭seLinux

将参数SELINUX=enforcing改为SELINUX=disabled

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config
 
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
#     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
#     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

重启服务器生效。

 

(四)创建用户和用户组,创建软件安装目录,配置用户环境变量

(1)创建用户oracle和grid,以及相关的用户组

/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1000 oinstall
/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1020 asmadmin
/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1021 asmdba
/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1022 asmoper
/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1031 dba
/usr/sbin/groupadd -g 1032 oper
useradd -u 1100 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,oper,dba grid
useradd -u 1101 -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,oper oracle

(2)创建GI和Oracle软件的安装目录,并授权

mkdir -p /u01/app/12.1.0/grid
mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
mkdir /u01/app/oracle
chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
chmod -R 775 /u01/

软件安装目录结构如下:

image

(3)配置grid的环境变量

[[email protected] ~]$ vi .bash_profile

# 在文件结尾添加如下内容

export TMP=/tmp
export TMPDIR=$TMP 
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1   
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/12.1.0/grid
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH 
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH 
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib 
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib 
umask 022

执行命令“source .bash_profile”使环境变量生效。

注意:如果是节点2,黄色参数需要改成ORACLE_SID=+ASM2。

(4)配置oracle的环境变量

[[email protected] ~]$ vim .bash_profile
#在文件结尾添加一下内容

export TMP=/tmp 
export TMPDIR=$TMP 
export ORACLE_SID=testdb1     
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle 
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/12.1.0/db_1
export TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin 
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH 
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH 
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib 
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib 
umask 022

执行命令“source .bash_profile”使环境变量生效。

注意:如果是节点2,黄色参数需要改成ORACLE_SID=testdb2。

 

(五)配置内核参数和资源限制

(1)配置操作系统的内核参数

在/etc/sysctl.conf文件结尾添加参数

kernel.msgmnb = 65536 
kernel.msgmax = 65536 
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736 
kernel.shmall = 4294967296 
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 
fs.file-max = 6815744 
kernel.shmall = 2097152 
kernel.shmmax = 2002012160
kernel.shmmni = 4096 
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 
net.core.rmem_default = 262144 
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 
net.core.wmem_default = 262144 
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586 
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144 262144 262144 
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304 4194304 4194304
kernel.panic_on_oops = 1

sysctl -p生效。

(2)配置oracle和grid用户的资源限制

在/etc/security/limits.conf结尾添加参数

grid soft nproc 2047 
grid hard nproc 16384 
grid soft nofile 1024 
grid hard nofile 65536 
oracle soft nproc 2047 
oracle hard nproc 16384 
oracle soft nofile 1024 
oracle hard nofile 65536

(3)配置/etc/pam.d/login文件,在结尾添加参数

session    required     pam_limits.so

 

(六)软件包安装

使用yum工具安装缺失的软件包,软件包信息如下

binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.11.el6 (x86_64)
compat-libcap1-1.10-1 (x86_64)
compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6 (x86_64)
compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6 (i686)
gcc-4.4.4-13.el6 (x86_64)
gcc-c++-4.4.4-13.el6 (x86_64)
glibc-2.12-1.7.el6 (i686)
glibc-2.12-1.7.el6 (x86_64)
glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6 (x86_64)
glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6 (i686)
ksh
libgcc-4.4.4-13.el6 (i686)
libgcc-4.4.4-13.el6 (x86_64)
libstdc++-4.4.4-13.el6 (x86_64)
libstdc++-4.4.4-13.el6 (i686)
libstdc++-devel-4.4.4-13.el6 (x86_64)
libstdc++-devel-4.4.4-13.el6 (i686)
libaio-0.3.107-10.el6 (x86_64)
libaio-0.3.107-10.el6 (i686)
libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6 (x86_64)
libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6 (i686)
libXext-1.1 (x86_64)
libXext-1.1 (i686)
libXtst-1.0.99.2 (x86_64)
libXtst-1.0.99.2 (i686)
libX11-1.3 (x86_64)
libX11-1.3 (i686)
libXau-1.0.5 (x86_64)
libXau-1.0.5 (i686)
libxcb-1.5 (x86_64)
libxcb-1.5 (i686)
libXi-1.3 (x86_64)
libXi-1.3 (i686)
make-3.81-19.el6
sysstat-9.0.4-11.el6 (x86_64)

其中x86_64代表64位操作系统,i686代表32位操作系统,只需安装对应版本即可。

使用下面命令安装

yum install -y binutils*
yum install -y compat-libcap1*
yum install -y compat-libstdc++*
yum install -y gcc*
yum install -y gcc-c++*
yum install -y glibc*
yum install -y glibc-devel*
yum install -y ksh
yum install -y libgcc*
yum install -y libstdc++*
yum install -y libstdc++-devel*
yum install -y libaio*
yum install -y libaio-devel*
yum install -y libXext* 
yum install -y libXtst*
yum install -y libX11*  
yum install -y libXau*  
yum install -y libxcb*  
yum install -y libXi*  
yum install -y make*
yum install -y sysstat*

 

(七)配置共享磁盘

oracle对于存放OCR磁盘组的大小要求如下

存储的文件类型 卷数量(磁盘数量) 卷大小
投票具有外部冗余的文件 1 每个投票文件卷至少300 MB
具有外部冗余的Oracle Cluster Registry(OCR)和Grid Infrastructure Management Repository 1 包含Grid Infrastructure Management Repository(5.2 GB + 300 MB表决文件+ 400 MB OCR)的OCR卷至少为5.9 GB,对于超过四个节点的集群,每个节点加500 MB。
例如,六节点群集分配应为6.9 GB。
Oracle Clusterware文件(OCR和投票文件)和Grid Infrastructure Management Repository,由Oracle软件提供冗余 3

每个OCR卷至少400 MB
每个投票文件卷至少300 MB
2 x 5.2 GB(normal redundancy):
对于5个节点及更高节点,为每个其他节点添加500 MB。

例如,对于6节点群集,大小为14.1 GB:
Grid Infrastructure Management Repository = 2 x(5.2 GB + 500 MB + 500 MB)GB = 12.4 GB
2个OCR(2 x 400 MB)= 0.8 GB
3个投票文件(3 x 300 MB)= 0.9 GB
= 14.1 GB

 

在这次安装中,磁盘规划如下:

磁盘组名称 磁盘数量 单个磁盘大小 功能说明
OCR 3 10GB 存放OCR及GI management repository
DATA 2 10GB 存放数据库的数据
ARCH 1 10GB 存放归档数据

 

(1)配置共享磁盘的方法

使用udev配置磁盘有2种方法,第一种是直接fdisk格式化磁盘,拿到/dev/sd*1的磁盘,然后使用udev绑定raw,第二种是获取wwid来绑定设备,生产中太长使用第二种方法。

(2)方法1:直接使用raw

(2.1)格式化磁盘,在1个节点上执行

# 在节点1上格式化,以/dev/sdb为例:

[[email protected] ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb

The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 3824.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
   (e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-3824, default 1): 
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-3824, default 3824): 
Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

(2.2)在2个节点上配置raw设备

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/udev/rules.d/60-raw.rules
 # 在后面添加

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdb1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw1 %N"
ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw2 %N"
ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdd1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw3 %N"
ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sde1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw4 %N"
ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdf1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw5 %N"
ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdg1", RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw6 %N"


KERNEL=="raw[1]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"
KERNEL=="raw[2]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"
KERNEL=="raw[3]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"
KERNEL=="raw[4]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"
KERNEL=="raw[5]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"
KERNEL=="raw[6]", MODE="0660", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin"

(2.3)启动裸设备,2个节点都要执行

[[email protected] ~]# start_udev

(2.4)查看裸设备,2个节点都要查看,如果有节点不能看到下面的raw设备信息,重启节点

[[email protected] ~]# raw -qa
/dev/raw/raw1:    bound to major 8, minor 17
/dev/raw/raw2:    bound to major 8, minor 33
/dev/raw/raw3:    bound to major 8, minor 49
/dev/raw/raw4:    bound to major 8, minor 65
/dev/raw/raw5:    bound to major 8, minor 81
/dev/raw/raw6:    bound to major 8, minor 97

 

(3)方法2:使用wwid来绑定设备

(3.1)编辑/etc/scsi_id.config文件,2个节点都要编辑

[[email protected] ~]# echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace"  >> /etc/scsi_id.config

(3.2)将磁盘wwid信息写入99-oracle-asmdevices.rules文件,2个节点都要编辑

[[email protected] ~]# for i in b c d e f g ;
> do 
> echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\""      >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules
> done

(3.3)查看99-oracle-asmdevices.rules文件,2个节点都要查看

[[email protected] ~]# cd /etc/udev/rules.d/
[[email protected] rules.d]# more 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules 
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c293f718a0dcf1f7b410fb9fd1d9", NAME="asm-diskb", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c296f46877bf6cff9febd7700fb9", NAME="asm-diskc", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c2902c030ca8a0b0a4a32ab547c7", NAME="asm-diskd", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c2982ad4757618bd0d06d54d04b8", NAME="asm-diske", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c29872b79e70266a992e788836b6", NAME="asm-diskf", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=
="36000c29b1260d00b8faeb3786092143a", NAME="asm-diskg", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

(3.4)启动设备,2个节点都要执行

[[email protected] rules.d]# start_udev
Starting udev:                                             [  OK  ]

(3.5)确认磁盘已经添加成功

[[email protected] rules.d]# cd /dev
[[email protected] dev]# ls -l asm*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diskb
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diskc
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diskd
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diske
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diskf
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 96 Aug 13 05:31 asm-diskg

 

(八)用户等效性配置

oracle在安装包已经提供了grid和oracle ssh节点互信配置的工具,直接使用配置非常方便

(1)配置grid用户等效性

(1.1)解压grid安装包,在节点1执行

[[email protected] ~]$ ls
linuxamd64_12102_grid_1of2.zip  linuxamd64_12102_grid_2of2.zip
[[email protected] ~]$ unzip -q linuxamd64_12102_grid_1of2.zip 
[[email protected] ~]$ unzip -q linuxamd64_12102_grid_2of2.zip 
[[email protected] ~]$ ls
grid  linuxamd64_12102_grid_1of2.zip  linuxamd64_12102_grid_2of2.zip

(1.2)配置节点互信

[[email protected] sshsetup]$ pwd
/home/grid/grid/sshsetup
[[email protected] sshsetup]$ ls
sshUserSetup.sh
[[email protected] sshsetup]$ ./sshUserSetup.sh -hosts "node1 node2" -user grid -advanced

配置记录如下:

  1 The output of this script is also logged into /tmp/sshUserSetup_2019-08-13-06-12-30.log
  2 Hosts are node1 node2
  3 user is grid
  4 Platform:- Linux 
  5 Checking if the remote hosts are reachable
  6 PING node1 (192.168.10.11) 56(84) bytes of data.
  7 64 bytes from node1 (192.168.10.11): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.014 ms
  8 64 bytes from node1 (192.168.10.11): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.043 ms
  9 64 bytes from node1 (192.168.10.11): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.032 ms
 10 64 bytes from node1 (192.168.10.11): icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=0.040 ms
 11 64 bytes from node1 (192.168.10.11): icmp_seq=5 ttl=64 time=0.042 ms
 12 
 13 --- node1 ping statistics ---
 14 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 3999ms
 15 rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.014/0.034/0.043/0.011 ms
 16 PING node2 (192.168.10.12) 56(84) bytes of data.
 17 64 bytes from node2 (192.168.10.12): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=3.05 ms
 18 64 bytes from node2 (192.168.10.12): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.716 ms
 19 64 bytes from node2 (192.168.10.12): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.807 ms
 20 64 bytes from node2 (192.168.10.12): icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=1.37 ms
 21 64 bytes from node2 (192.168.10.12): icmp_seq=5 ttl=64 time=0.704 ms
 22 
 23 --- node2 ping statistics ---
 24 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4007ms
 25 rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.704/1.331/3.053/0.896 ms
 26 Remote host reachability check succeeded.
 27 The following hosts are reachable: node1 node2.
 28 The following hosts are not reachable: .
 29 All hosts are reachable. Proceeding further...
 30 firsthost node1
 31 numhosts 2
 32 The script will setup SSH connectivity from the host node1 to all
 33 the remote hosts. After the script is executed, the user can use SSH to run
 34 commands on the remote hosts or copy files between this host node1
 35 and the remote hosts without being prompted for passwords or confirmations.
 36 
 37 NOTE 1:
 38 As part of the setup procedure, this script will use ssh and scp to copy
 39 files between the local host and the remote hosts. Since the script does not
 40 store passwords, you may be prompted for the passwords during the execution of
 41 the script whenever ssh or scp is invoked.
 42 
 43 NOTE 2:
 44 AS PER SSH REQUIREMENTS, THIS SCRIPT WILL SECURE THE USER HOME DIRECTORY
 45 AND THE .ssh DIRECTORY BY REVOKING GROUP AND WORLD WRITE PRIVILEDGES TO THESE
 46 directories.
 47 
 48 Do you want to continue and let the script make the above mentioned changes (yes/no)?
 49 yes
 50 
 51 The user chose yes
 52 Please specify if you want to specify a passphrase for the private key this script will create for the local host. Passphrase is used to encrypt the private key and makes SSH much more secure. Type 'yes' or 'no' and then press enter. In case you press 'yes', you would need to enter the passphrase whenever the script executes ssh or scp. 
 53 The estimated number of times the user would be prompted for a passphrase is 4. In addition, if the private-public files are also newly created, the user would have to specify the passphrase on one additional occasion. 
 54 Enter 'yes' or 'no'.
 55 yes
 56 
 57 The user chose yes
 58 Creating .ssh directory on local host, if not present already
 59 Creating authorized_keys file on local host
 60 Changing permissions on authorized_keys to 644 on local host
 61 Creating known_hosts file on local host
 62 Changing permissions on known_hosts to 644 on local host
 63 Creating config file on local host
 64 If a config file exists already at /home/grid/.ssh/config, it would be backed up to /home/grid/.ssh/config.backup.
 65 Removing old private/public keys on local host
 66 Running SSH keygen on local host
 67 Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):         备注:输入回车 
 68 Enter same passphrase again:  备注:输入回车  
 69 Generating public/private rsa key pair.
 70 Your identification has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_rsa.
 71 Your public key has been saved in /home/grid/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
 72 The key fingerprint is:
 73 a0:48:eb:ab:7d:39:0d:cf:d2:29:49:cd:f0:a0:85:9d [email protected]
 74 The key's randomart image is:
 75 +--[ RSA 1024]----+
 76 |                 |
 77 |                 |
 78 |  .o ..          |
 79 | ..oE. .         |
 80 |  oo.*  S        |
 81 | .. o +          |
 82 |  .. O .         |
 83 | . .B *          |
 84 |..o. +           |
 85 +-----------------+
 86 Creating .ssh directory and setting permissions on remote host node1
 87 THE SCRIPT WOULD ALSO BE REVOKING WRITE PERMISSIONS FOR group AND others ON THE HOME DIRECTORY FOR grid. THIS IS AN SSH REQUIREMENT.
 88 The script would create ~grid/.ssh/config file on remote host node1. If a config file exists already at ~grid/.ssh/config, it would be backed up to ~grid/.ssh/config.backup.
 89 The user may be prompted for a password here since the script would be running SSH on host node1.
 90 Warning: Permanently added 'node1,192.168.10.11' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
 91 [email protected]'s password:   备注:输入节点1 grid的密码  
 92 Done with creating .ssh directory and setting permissions on remote host node1.
 93 Creating .ssh directory and setting permissions on remote host node2
 94 THE SCRIPT WOULD ALSO BE REVOKING WRITE PERMISSIONS FOR group AND others ON THE HOME DIRECTORY FOR grid. THIS IS AN SSH REQUIREMENT.
 95 The script would create ~grid/.ssh/config file on remote host node2. If a config file exists already at ~grid/.ssh/config, it would be backed up to ~grid/.ssh/config.backup.
 96 The user may be prompted for a password here since the script would be running SSH on host node2.
 97 Warning: Permanently added 'node2,192.168.10.12' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
 98 [email protected]'s password:   备注:输入节点2 grid的密码  
 99 Done with creating .ssh directory and setting permissions on remote host node2.
100 Copying local host public key to the remote host node1
101 The user may be prompted for a password or passphrase here since the script would be using SCP for host node1.
102 [email protected]'s password:  备注:输入节点1 grid的密码  
103 Done copying local host public key to the remote host node1
104 Copying local host public key to the remote host node2
105 The user may be prompted for a password or passphrase here since the script would be using SCP for host node2.
106 [email protected]'s password:  备注:输入节点2 grid的密码 
107 Done copying local host public key to the remote host node2
108 Creating keys on remote host node1 if they do not exist already. This is required to setup SSH on host node1.
109 
110 Creating keys on remote host node2 if they do not exist already. This is required to setup SSH on host node2.
111 Generating public/private rsa key pair.
112 Your identification has been saved in .ssh/id_rsa.
113 Your public key has been saved in .ssh/id_rsa.pub.
114 The key fingerprint is:
115 3e:55:4b:9f:63:a3:6c:1f:4c:ca:aa:d2:d1:93:97:46 [email protected]
116 The key's randomart image is:
117 +--[ RSA 1024]----+
118 |                 |
119 |                 |
120 |            o    |
121 |           oEo . |
122 |        S..o..B  |
123 |       ...+o+* o |
124 |       .o. +* o  |
125 |      . .. o . . |
126 |       ....   .  |
127 +-----------------+
128 Updating authorized_keys file on remote host node1
129 Updating known_hosts file on remote host node1
130 The script will run SSH on the remote machine node1. The user may be prompted for a passphrase here in case the private key has been encrypted with a passphrase.
131 Updating authorized_keys file on remote host node2
132 Updating known_hosts file on remote host node2
133 The script will run SSH on the remote machine node2. The user may be prompted for a passphrase here in case the private key has been encrypted with a passphrase.
134 cat: /home/grid/.ssh/known_hosts.tmp: No such file or directory
135 cat: /home/grid/.ssh/authorized_keys.tmp: No such file or directory
136 SSH setup is complete.
137 
138 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
139 Verifying SSH setup
140 ===================
141 The script will now run the date command on the remote nodes using ssh
142 to verify if ssh is setup correctly. IF THE SETUP IS CORRECTLY SETUP,
143 THERE SHOULD BE NO OUTPUT OTHER THAN THE DATE AND SSH SHOULD NOT ASK FOR
144 PASSWORDS. If you see any output other than date or are prompted for the
145 password, ssh is not setup correctly and you will need to resolve the
146 issue and set up ssh again.
147 The possible causes for failure could be:
148 1. The server settings in /etc/ssh/sshd_config file do not allow ssh
149 for user grid.
150 2. The server may have disabled public key based authentication.
151 3. The client public key on the server may be outdated.
152 4. ~grid or ~grid/.ssh on the remote host may not be owned by grid.
153 5. User may not have passed -shared option for shared remote users or
154 may be passing the -shared option for non-shared remote users.
155 6. If there is output in addition to the date, but no password is asked,
156 it may be a security alert shown as part of company policy. Append the
157 additional text to the <OMS HOME>/sysman/prov/resources/ignoreMessages.txt file.
158 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
159 --node1:--
160 Running /usr/bin/ssh -x -l grid node1 date to verify SSH connectivity has been setup from local host to node1.
161 IF YOU SEE ANY OTHER OUTPUT BESIDES THE OUTPUT OF THE DATE COMMAND OR IF YOU ARE PROMPTED FOR A PASSWORD HERE, IT MEANS SSH SETUP HAS NOT BEEN SUCCESSFUL. Please note that being prompted for a passphrase may be OK but being prompted for a password is ERROR.
162 The script will run SSH on the remote machine node1. The user may be prompted for a passphrase here in case the private key has been encrypted with a passphrase.
163 Tue Aug 13 06:12:55 HKT 2019
164 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
165 --node2:--
166 Running /usr/bin/ssh -x -l grid node2 date to verify SSH connectivity has been setup from local host to node2.
167 IF YOU SEE ANY OTHER OUTPUT BESIDES THE OUTPUT OF THE DATE COMMAND OR IF YOU ARE PROMPTED FOR A PASSWORD HERE, IT MEANS SSH SETUP HAS NOT BEEN SUCCESSFUL. Please note that being prompted for a passphrase may be OK but being prompted for a password is ERROR.
168 The script will run SSH on the remote machine node2. The user may be prompted for a passphrase here in case the private key has been encrypted with a passphrase.
169 Tue Aug 13 06:12:58 HKT 2019
170 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
171 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
172 Verifying SSH connectivity has been setup from node1 to node1
173 IF YOU SEE ANY OTHER OUTPUT BESIDES THE OUTPUT OF THE DATE COMMAND OR IF YOU ARE PROMPTED FOR A PASSWORD HERE, IT MEANS SSH SETUP HAS NOT BEEN SUCCESSFUL.
174 Tue Aug 13 06:12:55 HKT 2019
175 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
176 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
177 Verifying SSH connectivity has been setup from node1 to node2
178 IF YOU SEE ANY OTHER OUTPUT BESIDES THE OUTPUT OF THE DATE COMMAND OR IF YOU ARE PROMPTED FOR A PASSWORD HERE, IT MEANS SSH SETUP HAS NOT BEEN SUCCESSFUL.
179 Tue Aug 13 06:12:59 HKT 2019
180 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
181 -Verification from complete-
182 SSH verification complete.
View Code

 

 

(2)配置oracle用户等效性

oracle用户的节点互信与grid类似,sshUserSetup.sh 工具在oracle的安装包下面

[[email protected] sshsetup]$ ./sshUserSetup.sh -hosts "node1 node2" -user oracle -advanced

 

(八)安装前的预检查

(1)安装cvudisk包,2个节点都要执行

[[email protected] grid]# cd grid/rpm/
[[email protected] rpm]# ls
cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm
[[email protected] rpm]# rpm -ivh cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm 
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
   1:cvuqdisk               ########################################### [100%]

节点1通过scp命令将cvudisk包拷贝到节点2,安装即可

(2)执行预检查,在节点1执行即可

[[email protected] grid]# su - grid
[[email protected] ~]$ cd grid/
[[email protected] grid]$ ls
install  response  rpm  runcluvfy.sh  runInstaller  sshsetup  stage  welcome.html
[[email protected] grid]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -fixup -verbose>check.log

确保所有项都通过,检查结果如下。

  1 Performing pre-checks for cluster services setup 
  2 
  3 Checking node reachability...
  4 
  5 Check: Node reachability from node "node1"
  6   Destination Node                      Reachable?              
  7   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  8   node1                                 yes                     
  9   node2                                 yes                     
 10 Result: Node reachability check passed from node "node1"
 11 
 12 
 13 Checking user equivalence...
 14 
 15 Check: User equivalence for user "grid"
 16   Node Name                             Status                  
 17   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
 18   node2                                 passed                  
 19   node1                                 passed                  
 20 Result: User equivalence check passed for user "grid"
 21 
 22 Checking node connectivity...
 23 
 24 Checking hosts config file...
 25   Node Name                             Status                  
 26   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
 27   node1                                 passed                  
 28   node2                                 passed                  
 29 
 30 Verification of the hosts config file successful
 31 
 32 
 33 Interface information for node "node1"
 34  Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
 35  ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
 36  eth0   192.168.10.11   192.168.10.0    0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:F8:80:BB 1500  
 37  eth1   10.10.10.11     10.10.10.0      0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:F8:80:C5 1500  
 38  eth2   192.168.0.109   192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:F8:80:CF 1500  
 39 
 40 
 41 Interface information for node "node2"
 42  Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
 43  ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
 44  eth0   192.168.10.12   192.168.10.0    0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:38:0B:FC 1500  
 45  eth1   10.10.10.12     10.10.10.0      0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:38:0B:06 1500  
 46  eth2   192.168.0.108   192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0         192.168.0.1     00:0C:29:38:0B:10 1500  
 47 
 48 
 49 Check: Node connectivity of subnet "192.168.10.0"
 50   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 51   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 52   node1[192.168.10.11]            node2[192.168.10.12]            yes             
 53 Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "192.168.10.0" with node(s) node1,node2
 54 
 55 
 56 Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "192.168.10.0"
 57   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 58   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 59   node1 : 192.168.10.11           node1 : 192.168.10.11           passed          
 60   node2 : 192.168.10.12           node1 : 192.168.10.11           passed          
 61   node1 : 192.168.10.11           node2 : 192.168.10.12           passed          
 62   node2 : 192.168.10.12           node2 : 192.168.10.12           passed          
 63 Result: TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "192.168.10.0"
 64 
 65 
 66 Check: Node connectivity of subnet "10.10.10.0"
 67   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 68   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 69   node1[10.10.10.11]              node2[10.10.10.12]              yes             
 70 Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "10.10.10.0" with node(s) node1,node2
 71 
 72 
 73 Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "10.10.10.0"
 74   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 75   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 76   node1 : 10.10.10.11             node1 : 10.10.10.11             passed          
 77   node2 : 10.10.10.12             node1 : 10.10.10.11             passed          
 78   node1 : 10.10.10.11             node2 : 10.10.10.12             passed          
 79   node2 : 10.10.10.12             node2 : 10.10.10.12             passed          
 80 Result: TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "10.10.10.0"
 81 
 82 
 83 Check: Node connectivity of subnet "192.168.0.0"
 84   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 85   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 86   node1[192.168.0.109]            node2[192.168.0.108]            yes             
 87 Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "192.168.0.0" with node(s) node1,node2
 88 
 89 
 90 Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "192.168.0.0"
 91   Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
 92   ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
 93   node1 : 192.168.0.109           node1 : 192.168.0.109           passed          
 94   node2 : 192.168.0.108           node1 : 192.168.0.109           passed          
 95   node1 : 192.168.0.109           node2 : 192.168.0.108           passed          
 96   node2 : 192.168.0.108           node2 : 192.168.0.108           passed          
 97 Result: TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "192.168.0.0"
 98 
 99 
100 Interfaces found on subnet "192.168.0.0" that are likely candidates for VIP are:
101 node1 eth2:192.168.0.109
102 node2 eth2:192.168.0.108
103 
104 Interfaces found on subnet "192.168.10.0" that are likely candidates for a private interconnect are:
105 node1 eth0:192.168.10.11
106 node2 eth0:192.168.10.12
107 
108 Interfaces found on subnet "10.10.10.0" that are likely candidates for a private interconnect are:
109 node1 eth1:10.10.10.11
110 node2 eth1:10.10.10.12
111 Checking subnet mask consistency...
112 Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "192.168.10.0".
113 Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "10.10.10.0".
114 Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "192.168.0.0".
115 Subnet mask consistency check passed.
116 
117 Result: Node connectivity check passed
118 
119 Checking multicast communication...
120 
121 Checking subnet "192.168.10.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "224.0.0.251"...
122 Check of subnet "192.168.10.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "224.0.0.251" passed.
123 
124 Check of multicast communication passed.
125 
126 Check: Total memory 
127   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
128   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
129   node2         3.729GB (3910180.0KB)     4GB (4194304.0KB)         failed    
130   node1         3.729GB (3910180.0KB)     4GB (4194304.0KB)         failed    
131 Result: Total memory check failed
132 
133 Check: Available memory 
134   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
135   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
136   node2         3.4397GB (3606804.0KB)    50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
137   node1         3.1282GB (3280116.0KB)    50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
138 Result: Available memory check passed
139 
140 Check: Swap space 
141   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
142   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
143   node2         3.8594GB (4046844.0KB)    3.729GB (3910180.0KB)     passed    
144   node1         3.8594GB (4046844.0KB)    3.729GB (3910180.0KB)     passed    
145 Result: Swap space check passed
146 
147 Check: Free disk space for "node2:/usr,node2:/var,node2:/etc,node2:/sbin" 
148   Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
149   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
150   /usr              node2         /             44.1611GB     65MB          passed      
151   /var              node2         /             44.1611GB     65MB          passed      
152   /etc              node2         /             44.1611GB     65MB          passed      
153   /sbin             node2         /             44.1611GB     65MB          passed      
154 Result: Free disk space check passed for "node2:/usr,node2:/var,node2:/etc,node2:/sbin"
155 
156 Check: Free disk space for "node1:/usr,node1:/var,node1:/etc,node1:/sbin" 
157   Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
158   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
159   /usr              node1         /             43.4079GB     65MB          passed      
160   /var              node1         /             43.4079GB     65MB          passed      
161   /etc              node1         /             43.4079GB     65MB          passed      
162   /sbin             node1         /             43.4079GB     65MB          passed      
163 Result: Free disk space check passed for "node1:/usr,node1:/var,node1:/etc,node1:/sbin"
164 
165 Check: Free disk space for "node2:/tmp" 
166   Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
167   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
168   /tmp              node2         /tmp          44.1611GB     1GB           passed      
169 Result: Free disk space check passed for "node2:/tmp"
170 
171 Check: Free disk space for "node1:/tmp" 
172   Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
173   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
174   /tmp              node1         /tmp          43.4062GB     1GB           passed      
175 Result: Free disk space check passed for "node1:/tmp"
176 
177 Check: User existence for "grid" 
178   Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
179   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
180   node2         passed                    exists(1100)            
181   node1         passed                    exists(1100)            
182 
183 Checking for multiple users with UID value 1100
184 Result: Check for multiple users with UID value 1100 passed 
185 Result: User existence check passed for "grid"
186 
187 Check: Group existence for "oinstall" 
188   Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
189   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
190   node2         passed                    exists                  
191   node1         passed                    exists                  
192 Result: Group existence check passed for "oinstall"
193 
194 Check: Group existence for "dba" 
195   Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
196   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
197   node2         passed                    exists                  
198   node1         passed                    exists                  
199 Result: Group existence check passed for "dba"
200 
201 Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary]
202   Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Primary       Status      
203   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
204   node2             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
205   node1             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
206 Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary] passed
207 
208 Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "dba" 
209   Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Status          
210   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
211   node2             yes           yes           yes           passed          
212   node1             yes           yes           yes           passed          
213 Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "dba" passed
214 
215 Check: Run level 
216   Node Name     run level                 Required                  Status    
217   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
218   node2         5                         3,5                       passed    
219   node1         5                         3,5                       passed    
220 Result: Run level check passed
221 
222 Check: Hard limits for "maximum open file descriptors" 
223   Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Status          
224   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
225   node2             hard          65536         65536         passed          
226   node1             hard          65536         65536         passed          
227 Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"
228 
229 Check: Soft limits for "maximum open file descriptors" 
230   Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Status          
231   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
232   node2             soft          1024          1024          passed          
233   node1             soft          1024          1024          passed          
234 Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"
235 
236 Check: Hard limits for "maximum user processes" 
237   Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Status          
238   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
239   node2             hard          16384         16384         passed          
240   node1             hard          16384         16384         passed          
241 Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum user processes"
242 
243 Check: Soft limits for "maximum user processes" 
244   Node Name         Type          Available     Required      Status          
245   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
246   node2             soft          2047          2047          passed          
247   node1             soft          2047          2047          passed          
248 Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum user processes"
249 
250 Check: System architecture 
251   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
252   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
253   node2         x86_64                    x86_64                    passed    
254   node1         x86_64                    x86_64                    passed    
255 Result: System architecture check passed
256 
257 Check: Kernel version 
258   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
259   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
260   node2         2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64     2.6.32                    passed    
261   node1         2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64     2.6.32                    passed    
262 Result: Kernel version check passed
263 
264 Check: Kernel parameter for "semmsl" 
265   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
266   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
267   node1             250           250           250           passed          
268   node2             250           250           250           passed          
269 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmsl"
270 
271 Check: Kernel parameter for "semmns" 
272   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
273   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
274   node1             32000         32000         32000         passed          
275   node2             32000         32000         32000         passed          
276 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmns"
277 
278 Check: Kernel parameter for "semopm" 
279   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
280   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
281   node1             100           100           100           passed          
282   node2             100           100           100           passed          
283 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semopm"
284 
285 Check: Kernel parameter for "semmni" 
286   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
287   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
288   node1             128           128           128           passed          
289   node2             128           128           128           passed          
290 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "semmni"
291 
292 Check: Kernel parameter for "shmmax" 
293   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
294   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
295   node1             2002012160    2002012160    2002012160    passed          
296   node2             2002012160    2002012160    2002012160    passed          
297 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmax"
298 
299 Check: Kernel parameter for "shmmni" 
300   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
301   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
302   node1             4096          4096          4096          passed          
303   node2             4096          4096          4096          passed          
304 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmni"
305 
306 Check: Kernel parameter for "shmall" 
307   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
308   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
309   node1             2097152       2097152       391018        passed          
310   node2             2097152       2097152       391018        passed          
311 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "shmall"
312 
313 Check: Kernel parameter for "file-max" 
314   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
315   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
316   node1             6815744       6815744       6815744       passed          
317   node2             6815744       6815744       6815744       passed          
318 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "file-max"
319 
320 Check: Kernel parameter for "ip_local_port_range" 
321   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
322   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
323   node1             between 9000 & 65500  between 9000 & 65500  between 9000 & 65535  passed          
324   node2             between 9000 & 65500  between 9000 & 65500  between 9000 & 65535  passed          
325 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "ip_local_port_range"
326 
327 Check: Kernel parameter for "rmem_default" 
328   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
329   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
330   node1             262144        262144        262144        passed          
331   node2             262144        262144        262144        passed          
332 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_default"
333 
334 Check: Kernel parameter for "rmem_max" 
335   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
336   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
337   node1             4194304       4194304       4194304       passed          
338   node2             4194304       4194304       4194304       passed          
339 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_max"
340 
341 Check: Kernel parameter for "wmem_default" 
342   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
343   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
344   node1             262144        262144        262144        passed          
345   node2             262144        262144        262144        passed          
346 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_default"
347 
348 Check: Kernel parameter for "wmem_max" 
349   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
350   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
351   node1             1048586       1048586       1048576       passed          
352   node2             1048586       1048586       1048576       passed          
353 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_max"
354 
355 Check: Kernel parameter for "aio-max-nr" 
356   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
357   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
358   node1             1048576       1048576       1048576       passed          
359   node2             1048576       1048576       1048576       passed          
360 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "aio-max-nr"
361 
362 Check: Kernel parameter for "panic_on_oops" 
363   Node Name         Current       Configured    Required      Status        Comment     
364   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
365   node1             1             1             1             passed          
366   node2             1             1             1             passed          
367 Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "panic_on_oops"
368 
369 Check: Package existence for "binutils" 
370   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
371   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
372   node2         binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.43.el6  binutils-2.20.51.0.2      passed    
373   node1         binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.43.el6  binutils-2.20.51.0.2      passed    
374 Result: Package existence check passed for "binutils"
375 
376 Check: Package existence for "compat-libcap1" 
377   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
378   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
379   node2         compat-libcap1-1.10-1     compat-libcap1-1.10       passed    
380   node1         compat-libcap1-1.10-1     compat-libcap1-1.10       passed    
381 Result: Package existence check passed for "compat-libcap1"
382 
383 Check: Package existence for "compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)" 
384   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
385   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
386   node2         compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)-3.2.3-69.el6  compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)-3.2.3  passed    
387   node1         compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)-3.2.3-69.el6  compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)-3.2.3  passed    
388 Result: Package existence check passed for "compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)"
389 
390 Check: Package existence for "libgcc(x86_64)" 
391   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
392   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
393   node2         libgcc(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libgcc(x86_64)-4.4.4      passed    
394   node1         libgcc(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libgcc(x86_64)-4.4.4      passed    
395 Result: Package existence check passed for "libgcc(x86_64)"
396 
397 Check: Package existence for "libstdc++(x86_64)" 
398   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
399   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
400   node2         libstdc++(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libstdc++(x86_64)-4.4.4   passed    
401   node1         libstdc++(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libstdc++(x86_64)-4.4.4   passed    
402 Result: Package existence check passed for "libstdc++(x86_64)"
403 
404 Check: Package existence for "libstdc++-devel(x86_64)" 
405   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
406   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
407   node2         libstdc++-devel(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libstdc++-devel(x86_64)-4.4.4  passed    
408   node1         libstdc++-devel(x86_64)-4.4.7-23.el6  libstdc++-devel(x86_64)-4.4.4  passed    
409 Result: Package existence check passed for "libstdc++-devel(x86_64)"
410 
411 Check: Package existence for "sysstat" 
412   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
413   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
414   node2         sysstat-9.0.4-27.el6      sysstat-9.0.4             passed    
415   node1         sysstat-9.0.4-27.el6      sysstat-9.0.4             passed    
416 Result: Package existence check passed for "sysstat"
417 
418 Check: Package existence for "gcc" 
419   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
420   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
421   node2         gcc-4.4.7-23.el6          gcc-4.4.4                 passed    
422   node1         gcc-4.4.7-23.el6          gcc-4.4.4                 passed    
423 Result: Package existence check passed for "gcc"
424 
425 Check: Package existence for "gcc-c++" 
426   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
427   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
428   node2         gcc-c++-4.4.7-23.el6      gcc-c++-4.4.4             passed    
429   node1         gcc-c++-4.4.7-23.el6      gcc-c++-4.4.4             passed    
430 Result: Package existence check passed for "gcc-c++"
431 
432 Check: Package existence for "ksh" 
433   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
434   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
435   node2         ksh                       ksh                       passed    
436   node1         ksh                       ksh                       passed    
437 Result: Package existence check passed for "ksh"
438 
439 Check: Package existence for "make" 
440   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
441   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
442   node2         make-3.81-20.el6          make-3.81                 passed    
443   node1         make-3.81-20.el6          make-3.81                 passed    
444 Result: Package existence check passed for "make"
445 
446 Check: Package existence for "glibc(x86_64)" 
447   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
448   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
449   node2         glibc(x86_64)-2.12-1.212.el6_10.3  glibc(x86_64)-2.12        passed    
450   node1         glibc(x86_64)-2.12-1.212.el6_10.3  glibc(x86_64)-2.12        passed    
451 Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc(x86_64)"
452 
453 Check: Package existence for "glibc-devel(x86_64)" 
454   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
455   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
456   node2         glibc-devel(x86_64)-2.12-1.212.el6_10.3  glibc-devel(x86_64)-2.12  passed    
457   node1         glibc-devel(x86_64)-2.12-1.212.el6_10.3  glibc-devel(x86_64)-2.12  passed    
458 Result: Package existence check passed for "glibc-devel(x86_64)"
459 
460 Check: Package existence for "libaio(x86_64)" 
461   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
462   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
463   node2         libaio(x86_64)-0.3.107-10.el6  libaio(x86_64)-0.3.107    passed    
464   node1         libaio(x86_64)-0.3.107-10.el6  libaio(x86_64)-0.3.107    passed    
465 Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio(x86_64)"
466 
467 Check: Package existence for "libaio-devel(x86_64)" 
468   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
469   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
470   node2         libaio-devel(x86_64)-0.3.107-10.el6  libaio-devel(x86_64)-0.3.107  passed    
471   node1         libaio-devel(x86_64)-0.3.107-10.el6  libaio-devel(x86_64)-0.3.107  passed    
472 Result: Package existence check passed for "libaio-devel(x86_64)"
473 
474 Check: Package existence for "nfs-utils" 
475   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
476   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
477   node2         nfs-utils-1.2.3-64.el6    nfs-utils-1.2.3-15        passed    
478   node1         nfs-utils-1.2.3-64.el6    nfs-utils-1.2.3-15        passed    
479 Result: Package existence check passed for "nfs-utils"
480 
481 Checking availability of ports "6200,6100" required for component "Oracle Notification Service (ONS)"
482   Node Name         Port Number   Protocol      Available     Status          
483   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
484   node2             6200          TCP           yes           successful      
485   node1             6200          TCP           yes           successful      
486   node2             6100          TCP           yes           successful      
487   node1             6100          TCP           yes           successful      
488 Result: Port availability check passed for ports "6200,6100"
489 
490 Checking availability of ports "42424" required for component "Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services (CSSD)"
491   Node Name         Port Number   Protocol      Available     Status          
492   ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
493   node2             42424         TCP           yes           successful      
494   node1             42424         TCP           yes           successful      
495 Result: Port availability check passed for ports "42424"
496 
497 Checking for multiple users with UID value 0
498 Result: Check for multiple users with UID value 0 passed 
499 
500 Check: Current group ID 
501 Result: Current group ID check passed
502 
503 Starting check for consistency of primary group of root user
504   Node Name                             Status                  
505   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
506   node2                                 passed                  
507   node1                                 passed                  
508 
509 Check for consistency of root user's primary group passed
510 
511 Starting Clock synchronization checks using Network Time Protocol(NTP)...
512 
513 Checking existence of NTP configuration file "/etc/ntp.conf" across nodes
514   Node Name                             File exists?            
515   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
516   node2                                 yes                     
517   node1                                 yes                     
518 The NTP configuration file "/etc/ntp.conf" is available on all nodes
519 NTP configuration file "/etc/ntp.conf" existence check passed
520 No NTP Daemons or Services were found to be running
521 PRVF-5507 : NTP daemon or service is not running on any node but NTP configuration file exists on the following node(s):
522 node2,node1
523 Result: Clock synchronization check using Network Time Protocol(NTP) failed
524 
525 Checking Core file name pattern consistency...
526 Core file name pattern consistency check passed.
527 
528 Checking to make sure user "grid" is not in "root" group
529   Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
530   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
531   node2         passed                    does not exist          
532   node1         passed                    does not exist          
533 Result: User "grid" is not part of "root" group. Check passed
534 
535 Check default user file creation mask
536   Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
537   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
538   node2         0022                      0022                      passed    
539   node1         0022                      0022                      passed    
540 Result: Default user file creation mask check passed
541 Checking integrity of file "/etc/resolv.conf" across nodes
542 
543 Checking the file "/etc/resolv.conf" to make sure only one of 'domain' and 'search' entries is defined
544 
545 WARNING: 
546 PRVF-5640 : Both 'search' and 'domain' entries are present in file "/etc/resolv.conf" on the following nodes: node1,node2
547 
548 Check for integrity of file "/etc/resolv.conf" passed
549 
550 Check: Time zone consistency 
551 Result: Time zone consistency check passed
552 
553 Checking integrity of name service switch configuration file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" ...
554 Checking if "hosts" entry in file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" is consistent across nodes...
555 Checking file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" to make sure that only one "hosts" entry is defined
556 More than one "hosts" entry does not exist in any "/etc/nsswitch.conf" file
557 All nodes have same "hosts" entry defined in file "/etc/nsswitch.conf"
558 Check for integrity of name service switch configuration file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" passed
559 
560 
561 Checking daemon "avahi-daemon" is not configured and running
562 
563 Check: Daemon "avahi-daemon" not configured
564   Node Name     Configured                Status                  
565   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
566   node2         no                        passed                  
567   node1         no                        passed                  
568 Daemon not configured check passed for process "avahi-daemon"
569 
570 Check: Daemon "avahi-daemon" not running
571   Node Name     Running?                  Status                  
572   ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
573   node2         no                        passed                  
574   node1         no                        passed                  
575 Daemon not running check passed for process "avahi-daemon"
576 
577 Starting check for /dev/shm mounted as temporary file system ...
578 
579 Check for /dev/shm mounted as temporary file system passed
580 
581 Starting check for /boot mount ...
582 
583 Check for /boot mount passed
584 
585 Starting check for zeroconf check ...
586 
587 ERROR: 
588 
589 PRVE-10077 : NOZEROCONF parameter was not  specified or was not set to 'yes' in file "/etc/sysconfig/network" on node "node2"
590 PRVE-10077 : NOZEROCONF parameter was not  specified or was not set to 'yes' in file "/etc/sysconfig/network" on node "node1"
591 
592 Check for zeroconf check failed
593 
594 Pre-check for cluster services setup was unsuccessful on all the nodes. 
595 
596 ******************************************************************************************
597 Following is the list of fixable prerequisites selected to fix in this session
598 ******************************************************************************************
599 
600 --------------                ---------------     ----------------    
601 Check failed.                 Failed on nodes     Reboot required?    
602 --------------                ---------------     ----------------    
603 zeroconf check                node2,node1         no                  
604 
605 
606 
607 Execute "/tmp/CVU_12.1.0.2.0_grid/runfixup.sh" as root user on nodes "node1,node2" to perform the fix up operations manually
608 
609 Press ENTER key to continue after execution of "/tmp/CVU_12.1.0.2.0_grid/runfixup.sh" has completed on nodes "node1,node2"
610 
611 Fix: zeroconf check 
612   Node Name                             Status                  
613   ------------------------------------  ------------------------
614   node2                                 failed                  
615   node1                                 failed                  
616 
617 ERROR: 
618 PRVG-9023 : Manual fix up command "/tmp/CVU_12.1.0.2.0_grid/runfixup.sh" was not issued by root user on node "node2"
619 
620 PRVG-9023 : Manual fix up command "/tmp/CVU_12.1.0.2.0_grid/runfixup.sh" was not issued by root user on node "node1"
621 
622 Result: "zeroconf check" could not be fixed on nodes "node2,node1"
623 Fix up operations for selected fixable prerequisites were unsuccessful on nodes "node2,node1"
View Code

 

 

后续:安装Grid infrastructure和RDBMS,已经创建数据库,见文档:

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转载自www.cnblogs.com/lijiaman/p/11343172.html