SpringCloud学习(三)服务消费者(Feign)(Finchley版本)

上一篇文章,讲述了如何通过RestTemplate+Ribbon去消费服务,这篇文章主要讲述如何通过Feign去消费服务。

Feign简介

Feign是一个声明式的伪Http客户端,它使得写Http客户端变得更简单。使用Feign,只需要创建一个接口并注解。它具有可插拔的注解特性,可使用Feign 注解和JAX-RS注解。Feign支持可插拔的编码器和解码器。Feign默认集成了Ribbon,并和Eureka结合,默认实现了负载均衡的效果。
简而言之:

  • Feign 采用的是基于接口的注解
  • Feign 整合了ribbon,具有负载均衡的能力
  • 整合了Hystrix,具有熔断的能力

准备工作

继续用上一节的工程, 启动eureka-server,端口为8761; 启动service-hi 两次,端口分别为8762 、8773.

创建一个feign的服务

新建一个spring-boot工程,取名为service-feign,在它的pom文件引入Feign的起步依赖spring-cloud-starter-feign、Eureka的起步依赖spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client、Web的起步依赖spring-boot-starter-web,代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>sc-f-chapter3</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.tugohost</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.tugohost</groupId>
    <artifactId>service-feign</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>


</project>

目录结构;

在工程的配置文件application.yml文件,指定程序名为service-feign,端口号为8765,服务注册地址为http://localhost:8761/eureka/ ,代码如下:

eureka:
  client:
    service-url: http://localhost:8761/eureka/
server:
  port: 8765
spring:
  application:
    name: service-feign

在程序的启动类ServiceFeignApplication,加上@EnableFeignClients注解开启Feign的功能:

/**
 * @author: Tu9ohost
 */
@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
@EnableDiscoveryClient
@EnableFeignClients
public class ServiceFeignApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ServiceFeignApplication.class,args);
    }
}

service层定义一个feign接口,通过@ FeignClient(“服务名”),来指定调用哪个服务。比如在代码中调用了service-hi服务的“/hi”接口,代码如下:

/**
 * @author: Tu9ohost
 */
@FeignClient(value = "service-hi")
public interface SchedualServiceHi {
    @RequestMapping(value = "/hi",method = RequestMethod.GET)
    String sayHiFromClientOne(@RequestParam(value = "name") String name);
}

在Web层的controller层,对外暴露一个"/hi"的API接口,通过上面定义的Feign客户端SchedualServiceHi 来消费服务。代码如下:

/**
 * @author: Tu9ohost
 */
@RestController
public class HiController {
    @Autowired
    SchedualServiceHi schedualServiceHi;

    @GetMapping(value = "/hi")
    public String sayHi(@RequestParam String name){
        return schedualServiceHi.sayHiFromClientOne(name);
    }
}

启动程序,多次访问http://localhost:8765/hi?name=tugohost,浏览器交替显示:

hi tugohost,i am from port:8762
hi tugohost,i am from port:8763

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转载自www.cnblogs.com/Tu9oh0st/p/10873089.html
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