目标检测数据增强方法

def letterbox_image(img, inp_dim):
    '''resize image with unchanged aspect ratio using padding
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    
    img : numpy.ndarray
        Image 
    
    inp_dim: tuple(int)
        shape of the reszied image
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndarray:
        Resized image
    
    '''

    inp_dim = (inp_dim, inp_dim)
    img_w, img_h = img.shape[1], img.shape[0]
    w, h = inp_dim
    new_w = int(img_w * min(w/img_w, h/img_h))
    new_h = int(img_h * min(w/img_w, h/img_h))
    resized_image = cv2.resize(img, (new_w,new_h)) # 按照target_szie/(长边)为scale进行resize,然后填充空白区域
    
    canvas = np.full((inp_dim[1], inp_dim[0], 3), 0)

    canvas[(h-new_h)//2:(h-new_h)//2 + new_h,(w-new_w)//2:(w-new_w)//2 + new_w,  :] = resized_image
    
    return canvas

class Resize(object):
    """Resize the image in accordance to `image_letter_box` function in darknet 
    
    The aspect ratio is maintained. The longer side is resized to the input 
    size of the network, while the remaining space on the shorter side is filled 
    with black color. **This should be the last transform**
    
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    inp_dim : tuple(int)
        tuple containing the size to which the image will be resized.
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndaaray
        Sheared image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`
    
    numpy.ndarray
        Resized bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is 
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box
        
    """
    
    def __init__(self, inp_dim):
        self.inp_dim = inp_dim
        
    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):
        w,h = img.shape[1], img.shape[0]
        img = letterbox_image(img, self.inp_dim) # 按照target_szie/(长边)为scale进行resize,然后填充空白区域
    
    
        scale = min(self.inp_dim/h, self.inp_dim/w)
        bboxes[:,:4] *= (scale)
    
        new_w = scale*w
        new_h = scale*h
        inp_dim = self.inp_dim   
    
        del_h = (inp_dim - new_h)/2
        del_w = (inp_dim - new_w)/2
    
        add_matrix = np.array([[del_w, del_h, del_w, del_h]]).astype(int)
    
        bboxes[:,:4] += add_matrix # 根据空白区域补充
    
        img = img.astype(np.uint8)
    
        return img, bboxes 

class RandomHorizontalFlip(object):

    """Randomly horizontally flips the Image with the probability *p*

    Parameters
    ----------
    p: float
        The probability with which the image is flipped


    Returns
    -------

    numpy.ndaaray
        Flipped image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`

    numpy.ndarray
        Tranformed bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box

    """

    def __init__(self, p=0.5):
        self.p = p

    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):
            img_center = np.array(img.shape[:2])[::-1]/2 # 得到图像中心坐标(x,y)
            img_center = np.hstack((img_center, img_center))
            if random.random() < self.p:
                img = img[:, ::-1, :]  # 图像水平翻转
                bboxes[:, [0, 2]] += 2*(img_center[[0, 2]] - bboxes[:, [0, 2]]) # 将box(x1,y1,x2,y2)的x坐标翻转,

                box_w = abs(bboxes[:, 0] - bboxes[:, 2])

                bboxes[:, 0] -= box_w  # 翻转后的坐标,x1>x2;该操作交换坐标,使得x1<x2
                bboxes[:, 2] += box_w

            return img, bboxes

class RandomScale(object):
    """Randomly scales an image    
    
    
    Bounding boxes which have an area of less than 25% in the remaining in the 
    transformed image is dropped. The resolution is maintained, and the remaining
    area if any is filled by black color.
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    scale: float or tuple(float)
        if **float**, the image is scaled by a factor drawn 
        randomly from a range (1 - `scale` , 1 + `scale`). If **tuple**,
        the `scale` is drawn randomly from values specified by the 
        tuple
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndaaray
        Scaled image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`
    
    numpy.ndarray
        Tranformed bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is 
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box
        
    """

    def __init__(self, scale = 0.2, diff = False):
        self.scale = scale

        
        if type(self.scale) == tuple:
            assert len(self.scale) == 2, "Invalid range"
            assert self.scale[0] > -1, "Scale factor can't be less than -1"
            assert self.scale[1] > -1, "Scale factor can't be less than -1"
        else:
            assert self.scale > 0, "Please input a positive float"
            self.scale = (max(-1, -self.scale), self.scale)
        
        self.diff = diff

        

    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):
    
        
        #Chose a random digit to scale by 
        
        img_shape = img.shape
        
        if self.diff:
            scale_x = random.uniform(*self.scale)
            scale_y = random.uniform(*self.scale)
        else:
            scale_x = random.uniform(*self.scale)
            scale_y = scale_x
            
    
        
        resize_scale_x = 1 + scale_x
        resize_scale_y = 1 + scale_y

        # The logic of the Scale transformation is fairly simple.
        # We use the OpenCV function cv2.resize to scale our image, and scale our bounding boxes by the scale factor(s).
        img=  cv2.resize(img, None, fx = resize_scale_x, fy = resize_scale_y)
        
        bboxes[:,:4] *= [resize_scale_x, resize_scale_y, resize_scale_x, resize_scale_y]
        
        
        
        canvas = np.zeros(img_shape, dtype = np.uint8) # 原始图像大小
        
        y_lim = int(min(resize_scale_y,1)*img_shape[0])
        x_lim = int(min(resize_scale_x,1)*img_shape[1])
        
        
        canvas[:y_lim,:x_lim,:] =  img[:y_lim,:x_lim,:] # 有可能变大或者变小,如果变大,取其中一部分,变小,黑色填充
        
        img = canvas
        bboxes = clip_box(bboxes, [0,0,1 + img_shape[1], img_shape[0]], 0.25) # 对变换后的box:处理超出边界和面积小于阈值drop操作;
    
    
        return img, bboxes

class RandomTranslate(object): # 随机平移
    """Randomly Translates the image    
    
    
    Bounding boxes which have an area of less than 25% in the remaining in the 
    transformed image is dropped. The resolution is maintained, and the remaining
    area if any is filled by black color.
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    translate: float or tuple(float)
        if **float**, the image is translated by a factor drawn 
        randomly from a range (1 - `translate` , 1 + `translate`). If **tuple**,
        `translate` is drawn randomly from values specified by the 
        tuple
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndaaray
        Translated image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`
    
    numpy.ndarray
        Tranformed bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is 
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box
        
    """

    def __init__(self, translate = 0.2, diff = False):
        self.translate = translate
        
        if type(self.translate) == tuple:
            assert len(self.translate) == 2, "Invalid range"  
            assert self.translate[0] > 0 & self.translate[0] < 1
            assert self.translate[1] > 0 & self.translate[1] < 1


        else:
            assert self.translate > 0 and self.translate < 1
            self.translate = (-self.translate, self.translate) # 必须在(0-1)之间
            
            
        self.diff = diff

    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):        
        #Chose a random digit to scale by 
        img_shape = img.shape
        
        #translate the image
        
        #percentage of the dimension of the image to translate
        translate_factor_x = random.uniform(*self.translate)
        translate_factor_y = random.uniform(*self.translate)
        
        if not self.diff:
            translate_factor_y = translate_factor_x
            
        canvas = np.zeros(img_shape).astype(np.uint8)
    
    
        corner_x = int(translate_factor_x*img.shape[1])
        corner_y = int(translate_factor_y*img.shape[0])

        #change the origin to the top-left corner of the translated box  # 相当于做一个平移操作,做超过边界处理等
        orig_box_cords =  [max(0,corner_y), max(corner_x,0), min(img_shape[0], corner_y + img.shape[0]), min(img_shape[1],corner_x + img.shape[1])]

        mask = img[max(-corner_y, 0):min(img.shape[0], -corner_y + img_shape[0]), max(-corner_x, 0):min(img.shape[1], -corner_x + img_shape[1]),:]
        canvas[orig_box_cords[0]:orig_box_cords[2], orig_box_cords[1]:orig_box_cords[3],:] = mask
        img = canvas
        
        bboxes[:,:4] += [corner_x, corner_y, corner_x, corner_y] # box做一个平移操作
        
        
        bboxes = clip_box(bboxes, [0,0,img_shape[1], img_shape[0]], 0.25)
        
        return img, bboxes

class RandomRotate(object):
    """Randomly rotates an image    
    
    
    Bounding boxes which have an area of less than 25% in the remaining in the 
    transformed image is dropped. The resolution is maintained, and the remaining
    area if any is filled by black color.
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    angle: float or tuple(float)
        if **float**, the image is rotated by a factor drawn 
        randomly from a range (-`angle`, `angle`). If **tuple**,
        the `angle` is drawn randomly from values specified by the 
        tuple
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndaaray
        Rotated image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`
    
    numpy.ndarray
        Tranformed bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is 
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box
        
    """

    def __init__(self, angle = 10):
        self.angle = angle
        
        if type(self.angle) == tuple:
            assert len(self.angle) == 2, "Invalid range"  
            
        else:
            self.angle = (-self.angle, self.angle)
            
    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):
    
        angle = random.uniform(*self.angle)
    
        w,h = img.shape[1], img.shape[0]
        cx, cy = w//2, h//2
    
        img = rotate_im(img, angle) # 旋转后,为了保证整图信息,仿射后的图像变大,先求仿射矩阵,然后变换整图;
    
        corners = get_corners(bboxes) # 得到四个角点
    
        corners = np.hstack((corners, bboxes[:,4:]))
    
    
        corners[:,:8] = rotate_box(corners[:,:8], angle, cx, cy, h, w) # 根据仿射矩阵得到box旋转后的坐标
    
        new_bbox = get_enclosing_box(corners) # we have to find the tightest rectangle parallel to the sides of the image containing the tilted rectangular box.
    
    
        scale_factor_x = img.shape[1] / w
    
        scale_factor_y = img.shape[0] / h
    
        img = cv2.resize(img, (w,h)) # 旋转后变大的图像恢复到原图像大小;
    
        new_bbox[:,:4] /= [scale_factor_x, scale_factor_y, scale_factor_x, scale_factor_y] 
    
        bboxes  = new_bbox
    
        bboxes = clip_box(bboxes, [0,0,w, h], 0.25)
    
        return img, bboxes

class RandomShear(object): # 旋转的特殊情况
    """Randomly shears an image in horizontal direction   
    
    
    Bounding boxes which have an area of less than 25% in the remaining in the 
    transformed image is dropped. The resolution is maintained, and the remaining
    area if any is filled by black color.
    
    Parameters
    ----------
    shear_factor: float or tuple(float)
        if **float**, the image is sheared horizontally by a factor drawn 
        randomly from a range (-`shear_factor`, `shear_factor`). If **tuple**,
        the `shear_factor` is drawn randomly from values specified by the 
        tuple
        
    Returns
    -------
    
    numpy.ndaaray
        Sheared image in the numpy format of shape `HxWxC`
    
    numpy.ndarray
        Tranformed bounding box co-ordinates of the format `n x 4` where n is 
        number of bounding boxes and 4 represents `x1,y1,x2,y2` of the box
        
    """

    def __init__(self, shear_factor = 0.2):
        self.shear_factor = shear_factor
        
        if type(self.shear_factor) == tuple:
            assert len(self.shear_factor) == 2, "Invalid range for scaling factor"   
        else:
            self.shear_factor = (-self.shear_factor, self.shear_factor)
        
        shear_factor = random.uniform(*self.shear_factor)
        
    def __call__(self, img, bboxes):
    
        shear_factor = random.uniform(*self.shear_factor)
    
        w,h = img.shape[1], img.shape[0]
    
        if shear_factor < 0:
            img, bboxes = HorizontalFlip()(img, bboxes) # 一种巧妙的方法,来避免...
    
        M = np.array([[1, abs(shear_factor), 0],[0,1,0]])
    
        nW =  img.shape[1] + abs(shear_factor*img.shape[0])
    
        bboxes[:,[0,2]] += ((bboxes[:,[1,3]]) * abs(shear_factor) ).astype(int) 
    
    
        img = cv2.warpAffine(img, M, (int(nW), img.shape[0])) # 只进行水平变换
    
        if shear_factor < 0:
            img, bboxes = HorizontalFlip()(img, bboxes)
    
        img = cv2.resize(img, (w,h))
    
        scale_factor_x = nW / w
    
        bboxes[:,:4] /= [scale_factor_x, 1, scale_factor_x, 1] 
    
    
        return img, bboxes

通过多线程进行加速:

def parse_data(data):
    img = np.array(cv2.imread(data))
    h, w, c = img.shape
    assert c == 3
    img = cv2.resize(img, (scale_size, scale_size))
    img = img.astype(np.float32)

    shift = (scale_size - crop_size) // 2
    img = img[shift: shift + crop_size, shift: shift + crop_size, :]
    # Flip image at random if flag is selected
    if np.random.random() < 0.5:  # self.horizontal_flip and
        img = cv2.flip(img, 1)
    img = (img - np.array(127.5)) / 127.5

    return img


def parse_data_without_augmentation(data):
    img = np.array(cv2.imread(data))
    h, w, c = img.shape
    assert c == 3
    img = cv2.resize(img, (crop_size, crop_size))
    img = img.astype(np.float32)
    img = (img - np.array(127.5)) / 127.5
return img
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Time    : 2019/3/10 11:15
# @Author  : Whu_DSP
# @File    : dped_dataloader.py

import multiprocessing as mtp
import os
import cv2
import numpy as np
from scipy import misc


def parse_data(filename):
    I = np.asarray(misc.imread(filename))
    I = np.float16(I) / 255
    return I
class Dataloader: def __init__(self, dped_dir, type_phone, batch_size, is_training, im_shape): self.works = mtp.Pool(10) self.dped_dir = dped_dir self.phone_type = type_phone self.batch_size = batch_size self.is_training = is_training self.im_shape = im_shape self.image_list, self.dslr_list = self._get_data_file_list() self.num_images = len(self.image_list) self._cur = 0 self._perm = None self._shuffle_index() # init order def _get_data_file_list(self): if self.is_training: directory_phone = os.path.join(self.dped_dir, str(self.phone_type), 'training_data', str(self.phone_type)) directory_dslr = os.path.join(self.dped_dir, str(self.phone_type), 'training_data', 'canon') else: directory_phone = os.path.join(self.dped_dir, str(self.phone_type), 'test_data', 'patches', str(self.phone_type)) directory_dslr = os.path.join(self.dped_dir, str(self.phone_type), 'test_data', 'patches', 'canon') # num_images = len([name for name in os.listdir(directory_phone) if os.path.isfile(os.path.join(directory_phone, name))]) image_list = [os.path.join(directory_phone, name) for name in os.listdir(directory_phone)] dslr_list = [os.path.join(directory_dslr, name) for name in os.listdir(directory_dslr)] return image_list, dslr_list def _shuffle_index(self): '''randomly permute the train order''' self._perm = np.random.permutation(np.arange(self.num_images)) self._cur = 0 def _get_next_minbatch_index(self): """return the indices for the next minibatch""" if self._cur + self.batch_size > self.num_images: self._shuffle_index() next_index = self._perm[self._cur:self._cur + self.batch_size] self._cur += self.batch_size return next_index def get_minibatch(self, minibatch_db): """return minibatch datas for train/test""" if self.is_training: jobs = self.works.map(parse_data, minibatch_db) else: jobs = self.works.map(parse_data, minibatch_db) index = 0 images_data = np.zeros([self.batch_size, self.im_shape[0], self.im_shape[1], 3]) for index_job in range(len(jobs)): images_data[index, :, :, :] = jobs[index_job] index += 1 return images_data def next_batch(self): """Get next batch images and labels""" db_index = self._get_next_minbatch_index() minibatch_db = [] for i in range(len(db_index)): minibatch_db.append(self.image_list[db_index[i]]) minibatch_db_t = [] for i in range(len(db_index)): minibatch_db_t.append(self.dslr_list[db_index[i]]) images_data = self.get_minibatch(minibatch_db) dslr_data = self.get_minibatch(minibatch_db_t) return images_data, dslr_data if __name__ == "__main__": data_dir = "F:\\ranjiewen\\TF_EnhanceDPED\\data\\dped" train_loader = Dataloader(data_dir, "iphone", 32, True,[100,100]) test_loader = Dataloader(data_dir, "iphone", 32, False, [100, 100]) for i in range(10): image_batch,label_batch = train_loader.next_batch() print(image_batch.shape,label_batch.shape) print("-------------------------------------------") image_batch,label_batch = test_loader.next_batch() print(image_batch.shape,label_batch.shape)

 

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转载自www.cnblogs.com/ranjiewen/p/10720007.html
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