## sklearn combat logistic regression

table of Contents

# Questions asked

Two classes based on student achievement data and whether enrollment, students can successfully predict enrollment: use `ex2data1.txt`and `ex2data2.txt`data, logistic regression and forecasting.

Data on the final edge.

# ex2data1.txt processing

Scatter as seen, generally follow linear decision, but there are curved (non-linear), linear effect is not good, so two options are available: a program, no characteristic polynomial; Scheme II, there is a polynomial characteristics.

## Scheme a: No characteristic polynomial

Ex2data1.txt data in logistic regression, no characteristic polynomial

Code is implemented as follows:

``````"""
对ex2data1.txt中的数据进行逻辑回归（无多项式特征）
"""
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.rcParams['font.sans-serif'] = ['SimHei']  # 用来正常显示中文标签
plt.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False  # 用来正常显示负号

# 数据格式：成绩1,成绩2,是否被录取（1代表被录取，0代表未被录取）

# 函数（画决策边界）定义
def plot_decision_boundary(model, axis):
x0, x1 = np.meshgrid(
np.linspace(axis[0], axis[1], int((axis[1] - axis[0]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
np.linspace(axis[2], axis[3], int((axis[3] - axis[2]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
)
X_new = np.c_[x0.ravel(), x1.ravel()]

y_predict = model.predict(X_new)
zz = y_predict.reshape(x0.shape)

custom_cmap = ListedColormap(['#EF9A9A', '#FFF59D', '#90CAF9'])

plt.contourf(x0, x1, zz, cmap=custom_cmap)

# 读取数据
data = np.loadtxt('ex2data1.txt', delimiter=',')
data_X = data[:, 0:2]
data_y = data[:, 2]

# 数据分割
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(data_X, data_y, random_state=666)

# 训练模型
log_reg = LogisticRegression()
log_reg.fit(X_train, y_train)

# 结果可视化
plot_decision_boundary(log_reg, axis=[0, 100, 0, 100])
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 0, 0], data_X[data_y == 0, 1], color='red')
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 1, 0], data_X[data_y == 1, 1], color='blue')
plt.xlabel('成绩1')
plt.ylabel('成绩2')
plt.title('两门课程成绩与是否录取的关系')
plt.show()

# 模型测试
print(log_reg.score(X_train, y_train))
print(log_reg.score(X_test, y_test))
``````

Output:

``````0.8533333333333334
0.76``````

## Option II: wherein introducing polynomials

Ex2data1.txt data in logistic regression, polynomial features introduced. After debugging, when 3, takes a long time for the degree; when the degree is 2, the acceptable time consuming, compared to the effect of a program with a lot better

To achieve the following:

``````"""
对ex2data1.txt中的数据进行逻辑回归（引入多项式特征）
"""
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn.preprocessing import PolynomialFeatures
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler
plt.rcParams['font.sans-serif'] = ['SimHei']  # 用来正常显示中文标签
plt.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False  # 用来正常显示负号

# 数据格式：成绩1,成绩2,是否被录取（1代表被录取，0代表未被录取）

# 函数定义
def plot_decision_boundary(model, axis):
x0, x1 = np.meshgrid(
np.linspace(axis[0], axis[1], int((axis[1] - axis[0]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
np.linspace(axis[2], axis[3], int((axis[3] - axis[2]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
)
X_new = np.c_[x0.ravel(), x1.ravel()]

y_predict = model.predict(X_new)
zz = y_predict.reshape(x0.shape)

custom_cmap = ListedColormap(['#EF9A9A', '#FFF59D', '#90CAF9'])

plt.contourf(x0, x1, zz, cmap=custom_cmap)

def PolynomialLogisticRegression(degree):
return Pipeline([
('poly', PolynomialFeatures(degree=degree)),
('std_scaler', StandardScaler()),
('log_reg', LogisticRegression())
])

# 读取数据
data = np.loadtxt('ex2data1.txt', delimiter=',')
data_X = data[:, 0:2]
data_y = data[:, 2]

# 数据分割
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(data_X, data_y, random_state=666)

# 训练模型
poly_log_reg = PolynomialLogisticRegression(degree=2)
poly_log_reg.fit(X_train, y_train)

# 结果可视化
plot_decision_boundary(poly_log_reg, axis=[0, 100, 0, 100])
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 0, 0], data_X[data_y == 0, 1], color='red')
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 1, 0], data_X[data_y == 1, 1], color='blue')
plt.xlabel('成绩1')
plt.ylabel('成绩2')
plt.title('两门课程成绩与是否录取的关系')
plt.show()

# 模型测试
print(poly_log_reg.score(X_train, y_train))
print(poly_log_reg.score(X_test, y_test))``````

Output is as follows :

``````0.92
0.92``````

# ex2data2.txt processing

As a scatter plot shows that the decision boundary of this set of data is absolutely non-linear, polynomial introduced directly into the characteristics of the data ex2data2.txt in logistic regression.

Code is implemented as follows:

``````"""
对ex2data2.txt中的数据进行逻辑回归（引入多项式特征）
"""
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn.preprocessing import PolynomialFeatures
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler
plt.rcParams['font.sans-serif'] = ['SimHei']  # 用来正常显示中文标签
plt.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False  # 用来正常显示负号

# 数据格式：成绩1,成绩2,是否被录取（1代表被录取，0代表未被录取）

# 函数定义
def plot_decision_boundary(model, axis):
x0, x1 = np.meshgrid(
np.linspace(axis[0], axis[1], int((axis[1] - axis[0]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
np.linspace(axis[2], axis[3], int((axis[3] - axis[2]) * 100)).reshape(-1, 1),
)
X_new = np.c_[x0.ravel(), x1.ravel()]

y_predict = model.predict(X_new)
zz = y_predict.reshape(x0.shape)

custom_cmap = ListedColormap(['#EF9A9A', '#FFF59D', '#90CAF9'])

plt.contourf(x0, x1, zz, cmap=custom_cmap)

def PolynomialLogisticRegression(degree):
return Pipeline([
('poly', PolynomialFeatures(degree=degree)),
('std_scaler', StandardScaler()),
('log_reg', LogisticRegression())
])

# 读取数据
data = np.loadtxt('ex2data2.txt', delimiter=',')
data_X = data[:, 0:2]
data_y = data[:, 2]

# 数据分割
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(data_X, data_y, random_state=666)

# 训练模型
poly_log_reg = PolynomialLogisticRegression(degree=2)
poly_log_reg.fit(X_train, y_train)

# 结果可视化
plot_decision_boundary(poly_log_reg, axis=[-1, 1, -1, 1])
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 0, 0], data_X[data_y == 0, 1], color='red')
plt.scatter(data_X[data_y == 1, 0], data_X[data_y == 1, 1], color='blue')
plt.xlabel('成绩1')
plt.ylabel('成绩2')
plt.title('两门课程成绩与是否录取的关系')
plt.show()

# 模型测试
print(poly_log_reg.score(X_train, y_train))
print(poly_log_reg.score(X_test, y_test))
``````

Output:

The figure shows, better classification results.

``````0.7954545454545454
0.9``````

# Two data

## ex2data1.txt

``````34.62365962451697,78.0246928153624,0
30.28671076822607,43.89499752400101,0
35.84740876993872,72.90219802708364,0
60.18259938620976,86.30855209546826,1
79.0327360507101,75.3443764369103,1
45.08327747668339,56.3163717815305,0
61.10666453684766,96.51142588489624,1
75.02474556738889,46.55401354116538,1
76.09878670226257,87.42056971926803,1
84.43281996120035,43.53339331072109,1
95.86155507093572,38.22527805795094,0
75.01365838958247,30.60326323428011,0
82.30705337399482,76.48196330235604,1
69.36458875970939,97.71869196188608,1
39.53833914367223,76.03681085115882,0
53.9710521485623,89.20735013750205,1
69.07014406283025,52.74046973016765,1
67.94685547711617,46.67857410673128,0
70.66150955499435,92.92713789364831,1
76.97878372747498,47.57596364975532,1
67.37202754570876,42.83843832029179,0
89.67677575072079,65.79936592745237,1
50.534788289883,48.85581152764205,0
34.21206097786789,44.20952859866288,0
77.9240914545704,68.9723599933059,1
62.27101367004632,69.95445795447587,1
80.1901807509566,44.82162893218353,1
93.114388797442,38.80067033713209,0
61.83020602312595,50.25610789244621,0
38.78580379679423,64.99568095539578,0
61.379289447425,72.80788731317097,1
85.40451939411645,57.05198397627122,1
52.10797973193984,63.12762376881715,0
52.04540476831827,69.43286012045222,1
40.23689373545111,71.16774802184875,0
54.63510555424817,52.21388588061123,0
33.91550010906887,98.86943574220611,0
64.17698887494485,80.90806058670817,1
74.78925295941542,41.57341522824434,0
34.1836400264419,75.2377203360134,0
83.90239366249155,56.30804621605327,1
51.54772026906181,46.85629026349976,0
94.44336776917852,65.56892160559052,1
82.36875375713919,40.61825515970618,0
51.04775177128865,45.82270145776001,0
62.22267576120188,52.06099194836679,0
77.19303492601364,70.45820000180959,1
97.77159928000232,86.7278223300282,1
62.07306379667647,96.76882412413983,1
91.56497449807442,88.69629254546599,1
79.94481794066932,74.16311935043758,1
99.2725269292572,60.99903099844988,1
90.54671411399852,43.39060180650027,1
34.52451385320009,60.39634245837173,0
50.2864961189907,49.80453881323059,0
49.58667721632031,59.80895099453265,0
97.64563396007767,68.86157272420604,1
32.57720016809309,95.59854761387875,0
74.24869136721598,69.82457122657193,1
71.79646205863379,78.45356224515052,1
75.3956114656803,85.75993667331619,1
35.28611281526193,47.02051394723416,0
56.25381749711624,39.26147251058019,0
30.05882244669796,49.59297386723685,0
44.66826172480893,66.45008614558913,0
66.56089447242954,41.09209807936973,0
40.45755098375164,97.53518548909936,1
49.07256321908844,51.88321182073966,0
80.27957401466998,92.11606081344084,1
66.74671856944039,60.99139402740988,1
32.72283304060323,43.30717306430063,0
64.0393204150601,78.03168802018232,1
72.34649422579923,96.22759296761404,1
60.45788573918959,73.09499809758037,1
58.84095621726802,75.85844831279042,1
99.82785779692128,72.36925193383885,1
47.26426910848174,88.47586499559782,1
50.45815980285988,75.80985952982456,1
60.45555629271532,42.50840943572217,0
82.22666157785568,42.71987853716458,0
88.9138964166533,69.80378889835472,1
94.83450672430196,45.69430680250754,1
67.31925746917527,66.58935317747915,1
57.23870631569862,59.51428198012956,1
80.36675600171273,90.96014789746954,1
68.46852178591112,85.59430710452014,1
42.0754545384731,78.84478600148043,0
75.47770200533905,90.42453899753964,1
78.63542434898018,96.64742716885644,1
52.34800398794107,60.76950525602592,0
94.09433112516793,77.15910509073893,1
90.44855097096364,87.50879176484702,1
55.48216114069585,35.57070347228866,0
74.49269241843041,84.84513684930135,1
89.84580670720979,45.35828361091658,1
83.48916274498238,48.38028579728175,1
42.2617008099817,87.10385094025457,1
99.31500880510394,68.77540947206617,1
55.34001756003703,64.9319380069486,1
74.77589300092767,89.52981289513276,1``````

## ex2data2.txt

``````0.051267,0.69956,1
-0.092742,0.68494,1
-0.21371,0.69225,1
-0.375,0.50219,1
-0.51325,0.46564,1
-0.52477,0.2098,1
-0.39804,0.034357,1
-0.30588,-0.19225,1
0.016705,-0.40424,1
0.13191,-0.51389,1
0.38537,-0.56506,1
0.52938,-0.5212,1
0.63882,-0.24342,1
0.73675,-0.18494,1
0.54666,0.48757,1
0.322,0.5826,1
0.16647,0.53874,1
-0.046659,0.81652,1
-0.17339,0.69956,1
-0.47869,0.63377,1
-0.60541,0.59722,1
-0.62846,0.33406,1
-0.59389,0.005117,1
-0.42108,-0.27266,1
-0.11578,-0.39693,1
0.20104,-0.60161,1
0.46601,-0.53582,1
0.67339,-0.53582,1
-0.13882,0.54605,1
-0.29435,0.77997,1
-0.26555,0.96272,1
-0.16187,0.8019,1
-0.17339,0.64839,1
-0.28283,0.47295,1
-0.36348,0.31213,1
-0.30012,0.027047,1
-0.23675,-0.21418,1
-0.06394,-0.18494,1
0.062788,-0.16301,1
0.22984,-0.41155,1
0.2932,-0.2288,1
0.48329,-0.18494,1
0.64459,-0.14108,1
0.46025,0.012427,1
0.6273,0.15863,1
0.57546,0.26827,1
0.72523,0.44371,1
0.22408,0.52412,1
0.44297,0.67032,1
0.322,0.69225,1
0.13767,0.57529,1
-0.0063364,0.39985,1
-0.092742,0.55336,1
-0.20795,0.35599,1
-0.20795,0.17325,1
-0.43836,0.21711,1
-0.21947,-0.016813,1
-0.13882,-0.27266,1
0.18376,0.93348,0
0.22408,0.77997,0
0.29896,0.61915,0
0.50634,0.75804,0
0.61578,0.7288,0
0.60426,0.59722,0
0.76555,0.50219,0
0.92684,0.3633,0
0.82316,0.27558,0
0.96141,0.085526,0
0.93836,0.012427,0
0.86348,-0.082602,0
0.89804,-0.20687,0
0.85196,-0.36769,0
0.82892,-0.5212,0
0.79435,-0.55775,0
0.59274,-0.7405,0
0.51786,-0.5943,0
0.46601,-0.41886,0
0.35081,-0.57968,0
0.28744,-0.76974,0
0.085829,-0.75512,0
0.14919,-0.57968,0
-0.13306,-0.4481,0
-0.40956,-0.41155,0
-0.39228,-0.25804,0
-0.74366,-0.25804,0
-0.69758,0.041667,0
-0.75518,0.2902,0
-0.69758,0.68494,0
-0.4038,0.70687,0
-0.38076,0.91886,0
-0.50749,0.90424,0
-0.54781,0.70687,0
0.10311,0.77997,0
0.057028,0.91886,0
-0.10426,0.99196,0
-0.081221,1.1089,0
0.28744,1.087,0
0.39689,0.82383,0
0.63882,0.88962,0
0.82316,0.66301,0
0.67339,0.64108,0
1.0709,0.10015,0
-0.046659,-0.57968,0
-0.23675,-0.63816,0
-0.15035,-0.36769,0
-0.49021,-0.3019,0
-0.46717,-0.13377,0
-0.28859,-0.060673,0
-0.61118,-0.067982,0
-0.66302,-0.21418,0
-0.59965,-0.41886,0
-0.72638,-0.082602,0
-0.83007,0.31213,0
-0.72062,0.53874,0
-0.59389,0.49488,0
-0.48445,0.99927,0
-0.0063364,0.99927,0
0.63265,-0.030612,0``````

Author: @ smelly salted fish

Please indicate the source: https://www.cnblogs.com/chouxianyu/

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