[Swift]LeetCode1254. 统计封闭岛屿的数目 | Number of Closed Islands

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Given a 2D grid consists of 0s (land) and 1s (water).  An island is a maximal 4-directionally connected group of 0s and a closed island is an island totally (all left, top, right, bottom) surrounded by 1s.

Return the number of closed islands

Example 1:

Input: grid = [[1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0],[1,0,0,0,0,1,1,0],[1,0,1,0,1,1,1,0],[1,0,0,0,0,1,0,1],[1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0]]
Output: 2
Explanation: 
Islands in gray are closed because they are completely surrounded by water (group of 1s).

Example 2:

Input: grid = [[0,0,1,0,0],[0,1,0,1,0],[0,1,1,1,0]]
Output: 1

Example 3:

Input: grid = [[1,1,1,1,1,1,1],
               [1,0,0,0,0,0,1],
               [1,0,1,1,1,0,1],
               [1,0,1,0,1,0,1],
               [1,0,1,1,1,0,1],
               [1,0,0,0,0,0,1],
               [1,1,1,1,1,1,1]]
Output: 2

Constraints:

  • 1 <= grid.length, grid[0].length <= 100
  • 0 <= grid[i][j] <=1

有一个二维矩阵 grid ,每个位置要么是陆地(记号为 0 )要么是水域(记号为 1 )。

我们从一块陆地出发,每次可以往上下左右 4 个方向相邻区域走,能走到的所有陆地区域,我们将其称为一座「岛屿」。

如果一座岛屿 完全 由水域包围,即陆地边缘上下左右所有相邻区域都是水域,那么我们将其称为 「封闭岛屿」。

请返回封闭岛屿的数目。

 

示例 1:

输入:grid = [[1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0],[1,0,0,0,0,1,1,0],[1,0,1,0,1,1,1,0],[1,0,0,0,0,1,0,1],[1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0]]
输出:2
解释:
灰色区域的岛屿是封闭岛屿,因为这座岛屿完全被水域包围(即被 1 区域包围)。

示例 2:

输入:grid = [[0,0,1,0,0],[0,1,0,1,0],[0,1,1,1,0]]
输出:1

示例 3:

输入:grid = [[1,1,1,1,1,1,1],
             [1,0,0,0,0,0,1],
             [1,0,1,1,1,0,1],
             [1,0,1,0,1,0,1],
             [1,0,1,1,1,0,1],
             [1,0,0,0,0,0,1],
             [1,1,1,1,1,1,1]]
输出:2

提示:

  • 1 <= grid.length, grid[0].length <= 100
  • 0 <= grid[i][j] <=1

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转载自www.cnblogs.com/strengthen/p/11831493.html