06 增加dao层和查询分页

前面几篇文章,我们讲述了web层和service层的解耦合,我们关注的焦点只在这两层,而在一个真实的项目当中肯定需要数据库访问。因此,本文将讲述在前面的基础之上如何加入数据查询逻辑。

1、环境约束

  • win10 64为操作系统
  • idea2018.1.5
  • maven-3.0.5
  • jdk-8u162-windows-x64

2、软件下载

百度网盘:
链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1gfnI8NqUYgYK1g0ULGIV2w
提取码:q9pl

3、前提约束

  • zookeeper以及dubbo已经安装并启动
  • 将本专辑中的 《05 创建web层【服务消费者】并且启动》做完毕
  • mysql已经安装完毕,且执行了以下sql语句:
use test;
create table t_user(id int ,name varchar(20));
insert into t_user(id,name) values(1,'zhangsan');
insert into t_user(id,name) values(2,'lisi');
insert into t_user(id,name) values(3,'wangwu');
insert into t_user(id,name) values(4,'ali');
insert into t_user(id,name) values(5,'xiaoili');
insert into t_user(id,name) values(6,'zhangli');

4、操作步骤:

4.1 第一步:确认mybatis相关jar包已经加入依赖【注意:最外面的pom.xml】

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.miemiedev</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-paginator</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.paginator.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
            <artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
            <version>${pagehelper.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- MySql -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>${mysql.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 连接池 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>${druid.version}</version>
        </dependency>

4.2 第二步:新建一个fbs-dao

  • 在fbs-dao模块的pom.xml中加入以下依赖:
        <dependency>
            <groupId>net.wanho.fenbushi</groupId>
            <artifactId>fbs-pojo</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
  • 在fbs-dao的src/main/java下面创建一个net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper包,在该包当中加入UserMapper.java类
package net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper;

import net.wanho.fenbushi.pojo.User;

import java.util.List;

public interface UserMapper {
    List<User> query();
}
  • 在fbs-dao的net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper包当中加入UserMapper.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper.UserMapper">
    <select id="query" resultType="net.wanho.fenbushi.pojo.User">
        select * from t_user
    </select>
</mapper>
  • 修改fbs-dao的pom.xml
    加入build标签如下:
    <build>
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
        </resources>
    </build>

4.3 第三步:修改fbs-service

  • 修改fbs-service的pom.xml,加入dao层的依赖
        <dependency>
            <groupId>net.wanho.fenbushi</groupId>
            <artifactId>fbs-dao</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
  • 修改fbs-service的net.wanho.fenbushi.service.impl.UserServiceImpl.java
package net.wanho.fenbushi.service.impl;

import net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper.UserMapper;
import net.wanho.fenbushi.pojo.User;
import net.wanho.fenbushi.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Resource
    private UserMapper userMapper;

    @Override
    public List<User> queryUsers() {
        List<User> list = userMapper.query();
        return list;
    }
}
  • 在fbs-service的src/main/resources中增加数据库、分页以及事务的配置文件
    applicationContext-dao.xml【注意:数据库账号密码请根据实际情况改变】
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
    <!--配置数据库连接池,使用的是druid,数据库的实例、账号、密码,请根据实际情况修改-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"></property>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test"></property>
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="zhangli"></property>
    </bean>

    <!--配置SqlSession的工厂-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="configLocation"  value="classpath:Mybatis-Config.xml"/>
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>

    <!--配置数据库操作的接口以及xml所在package-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="net.wanho.fenbushi.mapper"></property>
    </bean>
</beans>

applicationContext-trans.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">
    <!--设置事务管理器,引用的是applicationContext-dao.xml中配置的datasource-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>

    <!--配置事务通知,引用上面设置的事务管理器
        add开头的方法需要事务
        其他方法都是只读的
    -->
    <tx:advice id="advice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="*" read-only="true"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>

    <!--定义连接点,advisor定义了通知在连接点上执行即织入-->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:pointcut id="pointcut" expression="execution(* net.wanho.fenbushi.service.*.*(..))"></aop:pointcut>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="advice" pointcut-ref="pointcut"></aop:advisor>
    </aop:config>
</beans>

Mybatis-Config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
        <!DOCTYPE configuration
                PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
                "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
<plugins>
    <plugin interceptor="com.github.pagehelper.PageInterceptor">
    </plugin>
</plugins>
</configuration>
  • 确认fbs-service层中的父容器可以加载所有的xml文件
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
 "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >

<web-app>
  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:applicationContext-*.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>
  
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
</web-app>

4.4 修改fbs-web

修改fbs-web的net.wanho.fenbushi.controller.UserController.java

5、启动测试

确保zookeeper启动、dubbo启动、先启动fbs-service、再启动fbs-web,打开浏览器输入:http://localhost:8082/user/query?pageNum=1&pageSize=2
至此,我们完成了在分布式项目中增加数据查询模块。

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转载自www.cnblogs.com/alichengxuyuan/p/12581422.html